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Canadian Respiratory Journal
Volume 20, Issue 4, Pages 231-236
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/724208
Original Article

Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Self-Reported Chronic Bronchitis in a Canadian Population: The Canadian Community Health Survey, 2007 To 2008

Chandima Karunanayake, Briana Hagen, James Dosman, and Punam Pahwa

Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture, University of Saskatchewan, Royal University Hospital, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

Copyright © 2013 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic bronchitis (CB) represents one of the respiratory disease phenotypes that affect the Canadian health care system significantly. Presently, almost 6.5% of total health care costs are related to respiratory diseases.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of self-reported CB and associated risk factors in the Canadian general population.

METHODS: Data regarding individuals ≥12 years of age from the Canadian Community Health Survey, 2007 to 2008, were analyzed. CB was determined through self-reported health professional diagnosis. Information regarding covariates of importance, such as demographics, lifestyle variables and socioeconomic status, was obtained. A weighted logistic regression analysis was performed with appropriate technique for clustering effects.

RESULTS: The prevalence of self-reported CB was 2.5%. A greater prevalence of self-reported CB associated with older age, female sex and white ethnic group was found. There were differences in the prevalence of self-reported CB among regions of Canada for household income, educational attainment and smoking status.

CONCLUSION: The results suggest an association between ethnicity and the prevalence of CB. The associations between self-reported CB prevalence and household income, educational attainment and smoking status varied according to region of Canada.