Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Canadian Respiratory Journal
Volume 2016, Article ID 2684090, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2684090
Research Article

Tobacco Use and Its Health Effects among Professional Athletes in Qatar

1Sport Science Program, Qatar University, P.O. Box 2713, Doha, Qatar
2Department of Global and Public Health, Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Education City, Qatar Foundation, P.O. Box 24144, Doha, Qatar

Received 19 August 2016; Revised 31 October 2016; Accepted 8 November 2016

Academic Editor: Alice M. Turner

Copyright © 2016 Zaina Chaabane et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. Ahmadi, Complementary Effects of Sport on Health, Strategic Book Publishing, 2010.
  2. B. A. Primack, C. I. Fertman, K. R. Rice, A. M. Adachi-Mejia, and M. J. Fine, “Waterpipe and cigarette smoking among College Athletes in the United States,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 45–51, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. J. Shephard, The Year Book of Sports Medicine 2013, Elsevier, 2014.
  4. K. Slama and Tobacco and Health, “Proceedings of the ninth world conference on tobacco and health, 10–14 October 1994,” Tobacco Control, vol. 5, p. 164, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  5. D. R. Bassett Jr. and E. T. Howley, “Limiting factors for maximum oxygen uptake and determinants of endurance performance,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 70–84, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. Papathanasiou, A. Mamali, S. Papafloratos, and E. Zerva, “Effects of smoking on cardiovascular function: the role of nicotine and carbon monoxide,” Health Science Journal, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 274–290, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. J. Shephard and P.-O. Astrand, “Endurance in sport,” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 24, no. 12, p. 1413, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  8. C. I. Morse, L. J. Pritchard, R. C. I. Wüst, D. A. Jones, and H. Degens, “Carbon monoxide inhalation reduces skeletal muscle fatigue resistance,” Acta Physiologica, vol. 192, no. 3, pp. 397–401, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Cheung, Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology, Human Kinetics, Champaign, Ill, USA, 2010.
  10. G. V. Tsimoyianis, M. S. Jacobson, J. G. Feldman et al., “Reduction in pulmonary function and increased frequency of cough associated with passive smoking in teenage athletes,” Pediatrics, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 32–36, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. I. Goić-Barišić, A. Bradarić, M. Erceg et al., “Influence of passive smoking on basic anthropometric characteristics and respiratory function in young athletes,” Collegium Antropologicum, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 615–619, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Y. Kobayashi, T. Takeuchi, T. Hosoi, and J. A. Loeppky, “Effects of habitual smoking on cardiorespiratory responses to sub-maximal exercise,” Journal of Physiological Anthropology and Applied Human Science, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 163–169, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. T. L. Conway and T. A. Cronan, “Smoking, exercise, and physical fitness,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 723–734, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. M. Al-Obaidi, J. Anthony, N. Al-Shuwai, and E. Dean, “Differences in back extensor strength between smokers and nonsmokers with and without low back pain,” Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 254–260, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Altarac, J. W. Gardner, R. M. Popovich, R. Potter, J. J. Knapik, and B. H. Jones, “Cigarette smoking and exercise-related injuries among young men and women,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 96–102, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Qatar Fact Sheet, Global Adult Tobacco Survey, November 2013, http://www.emro.who.int/images/stories/tfi/documents/FACT_SHEETS/FS_GATS_Qatar_2013.pdf?ua=1.
  17. A. Alaranta, H. Alaranta, K. Patja et al., “Snuff use and smoking in Finnish olympic athletes,” International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 581–586, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Z. Hessami, M. Aryanpur, H. Emami, and M. Masjedi, “Behavior and knowledge of Iranian professional athletes towards smoking,” Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 297–300, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. Papathanasiou, D. Georgakopoulos, G. Georgoudis, P. Spyropoulos, D. Perrea, and A. Evangelou, “Effects of chronic smoking on exercise tolerance and on heart rate-systolic blood pressure product in young healthy adults,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 646–652, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. Papathanasiou, D. Georgakopoulos, E. Papageorgiou et al., “Effects of smoking on heart rate at rest and during exercise, and on heart rate recovery, in young adults,” Hellenic Journal of Cardiology, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 168–177, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. E. Albrecht, B. H. Marcus, M. Roberts, D. E. Forman, and A. F. Parisi, “Effect of smoking cessation on exercise performance in female smokers participating in exercise training,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 82, no. 8, pp. 950–955, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C.-L. Chen, J.-S. Tang, P.-C. Li, and P.-L. Chou, “Immediate effects of smoking on cardiorespiratory responses during dynamic exercise: arm vs. leg ergometry,” Frontiers in Physiology, vol. 6, article 376, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus