Table 4: Adjusted effects of nonproportional risk factors on subhazard from ARD death, Barcelona (Spain), 1970–2006 ().

Survival time (yrs)Sex 
SHR  
(95% CI)&
(Ref: female)
valueAge groups (Ref: <50 yrs)SHR (95% IC)&value

150.34 (0.09–1.29)0.11450–592.01 (0.42–9.66)0.381
60–6937,17 (6.69–206.58)0.000
70–7911.02 (2.00–60.62)0.006
>=805.85 (0.41–83.47)0.193
200.43 (0.13–1.36)0.14950–591.61 (0.43–6.00)0.477
60–6920.10 (4.84–83.43)<0.001
70–798.26 (1.95–35.04)0.004
>=805.07 (0.51–50.78)0.167
300.67 (0.30–1.53)0.34250–591.03 (0.43–2.49)0.947
60–695.88 (2.39–14.47)<0.001
70–794.64 (1.80–12.00)0.002
>=803.82 (0.75–19.39)0.106
401.05 (0.60–1.84)0.85250–590.66 (0.32–1.35)0.253
60–691.72 (0.90–3.29)0.102
70–792.61 (1.48–4.60)0.001
>=802.87 (1.00–8.25)0.050
501.66 (1.02–2.69)0.04250–590.42 (0.16–1.10)0.078
60–690.50 (0.20–1.27)0.144
70–791.47 (0.82–2.64)0.202
>=802.16 (0.92–5.07)0.077
602.60 (1.32–5.11)0.00650–59
60–690.15 (0.03–0.63)0.010
70–790.82 (0.31–2.21)0.700
>=801.62 (0.48–5.48)0.434
704.08 (1.53–10.92)0.00550–59
60–69
70–790.46 (0.10–2.04)0.309
>=801.22 (0.19–7.66)0.830
806.41 (1.69–24.26)0.00650–59
60–69
70–79
>=800.69 (0.07–11.54)0.948

Note. Ref: reference; CI: confidence interval; SHR: subdistribution hazard ratio. &Cox proportional hazard model, accounting for other causes of death as competing risks. Robust standard errors. All SHRs were adjusted for sex, age groups, smoking status, source of exposure, length of exposure, number of ARD, and and age interactions.