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Canadian Respiratory Journal
Volume 2018, Article ID 1925028, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1925028
Research Article

Association between Pulmonary Function and Stair-Climbing Test Results after Lung Resection: A Pilot Study

1Department of Rehabilitation, Kansai Electric Power Hospital, 2-1-7 Fukushima, Fukushima-ku, Osaka-shi, Osaka 553-0003, Japan
2Department of Physical Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Hyogo University of Health Sciences, 1-3-6 Minatojima, Chuou-ku, Kobe-shi, Hyogo 650-8530, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Yohei Kubori; pj.oc.ocpek.4a@iehoy.irobuk

Received 14 May 2018; Accepted 18 August 2018; Published 9 September 2018

Academic Editor: Hisao Imai

Copyright © 2018 Yohei Kubori et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The stair-climbing test was used to assess the exercise capacity before lung resection in subjects with lung cancer. However, few studies have systematically evaluated the role of this exercise methodology as a postoperative test. The aim of the present study was to assess whether the stair-climbing test findings reflect the postoperative decrease in pulmonary function. Methods. Twenty subjects with non-small-cell lung cancer who underwent lung resection were enrolled in the study. Perioperative functional evaluation comprised the pulmonary function test, stair-climbing test, and 6-min walk distance test (6MWD). A correlation analysis was performed between the postoperative percentages of pulmonary function with respect to preoperative values and the exercise capacity. Results. No correlation was noted between the percentage changes in pulmonary function and those in 6MWD. However, there was a significant correlation between the percentage changes in forced expiratory volume in 1 s and those in the altitude reached in the stair-climbing test (, ) and between the percentage changes in carbon monoxide lung diffusion capacity and those in the altitude (, ). Conclusions. The stair-climbing test findings might be effective at detecting changes in exercise capacity induced by postoperative decrease in pulmonary function.