Canadian Respiratory Journal / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Endocan, a Risk Factor for Developing Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome among Severe Pneumonia Patients

Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of SP patients with or without ARDS development.

ParametersSP with ARDS development value
Yes (n = 37)No (n = 108)

Age (years)61.3 ± 10.456.4 ± 9.80.011
Gender (n, %)0.12
 Male23 (62.2%)51 (47.2%)
 Female14 (37.8%)57 (52.8%)
Current smokers (n, %)12 (32.4%)23 (21.3%)0.17
Clinical scores
 APACHE II16.7 ± 5.116.5 ± 4.70.83
 SOFA4.4 ± 1.95.2 ± 2.10.043
 LIS2.5 ± 0.72.2 ± 0.60.013
Comorbidities
 Diabetes7 (18.9%)27 (25.0%)0.45
 Metabolic diseases2 (5.4%)8 (7.4%)0.68
 Renal diseases7 (18.9%)21 (19.4%)0.94
 Cardiovascular diseases6 (16.2%)17 (15.7%)0.95
Sepsis (%)19 (51.4%)43 (39.8%)0.22
Body temperature (°C)37.5 ± 0.937.1 ± 0.80.012
Respiratory rate (bpm)24.3 ± 7.823.8 ± 8.40.75
Heart rate (bpm)112.4 ± 19.9103.4 ± 17.80.011
SBP (mmHg)110.1 ± 20.1119.8 ± 24.30.031
DBP (mmHg)68.4 ± 15.970.4 ± 16.10.51
SpO2 (%)94.1 ± 5.596.2 ± 4.80.029
Pleural effusion (%)23 (62.2%)78 (72.2%)0.25
Treatment strategies during the overall ICU stay (%)
 Corticosteroids21 (56.8%)75 (69.4%)0.16
 Blood product transfusion6 (16.2%)11 (10.2%)0.33
 MV36 (97.3%)100 (92.6%)0.31

SP, severe pneumonia; ARDS, acute respiratory distress syndrome; APACH, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation; SOFA, sequential organ failure assessment; LIS, lung injury score; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SpO2, oxygen saturation of pulse oximetry; MV, mechanical ventilation. values were calculated by Student’s t-test, Mann–Whitney U-test, chi-squared test, or Fisher’s exact test. .