Canadian Respiratory Journal

Non-Invasive Ventilation: Novel Insights into the Old Tool

Publishing date
01 Aug 2021
Submission deadline
19 Mar 2021

Lead Editor

1All India Institue of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

2Hospital Morales Meseguer, Murcia, Spain

3Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy

4Monaldi Hospital, Naples, Italy

5Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, USA

6The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China

This issue is now closed for submissions.

Non-Invasive Ventilation: Novel Insights into the Old Tool

This issue is now closed for submissions.


Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is well-established in clinical practice and has saved many lives over the past few decades. It has helped in reducing rates of intubation and mechanical ventilation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Additionally, it has been widely used in patients with hypoxemic respiratory failure, postoperative respiratory failure, and neuromuscular disorders. Thus, it has helped in improving clinical outcomes and reducing complications related to mechanical ventilation, thereby reducing hospital resource utilization.

NIV is an evolving therapy with many emerging indications. The use of NIV has expanded from acute respiratory failure to domiciliary use for chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure in COPD, obesity hypoventilation syndrome, and neuromuscular weakness. NIV is now being used to assist bronchoscopies in patients with respiratory failure. In addition, there is a wider array of interventions to choose from with the advent of newer modes of NIV and alternate non-invasive therapies such as high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy. Nonetheless, challenges remain with this modality including sub-optimal use, patient discomfort, secretion retention, etc. Hence, there is a need for new information regarding humification, aerosol therapy, secretion clearance, and optimization of patient compliance.

In the context of the expanding repertoire and existing challenges, this Special Issue invites new insights in relation to the use of NIV. The aim of this Issue is to help readers of the journal to update their knowledge regarding optimal use of NIV in a wide variety of clinical situations. Original research and review articles are welcome.

Potential topics include but are not limited to the following:

  • Optimising compliance and patient outcomes
  • Newer indications of NIV
  • Issues related to NIV use such as humidification and secretion management
  • Aerosol therapy during NIV
  • Description of newer modes in combination with other therapies such as HFNC
  • NIV use during interventions
  • NIV in specific situations such as COVID-19


  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2022
  • - Article ID 9914081
  • - Review Article

Noninvasive Ventilation in Treatment of Respiratory Failure-Related COVID-19 Infection: Review of the Literature

Bushra Mina | Alexander Newton | Vijay Hadda
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2021
  • - Article ID 5554765
  • - Research Article

Intermittent Abdominal Pressure Ventilation: An Alternative for Respiratory Support

Giuseppe Fiorentino | Anna Annunziata | ... | Antonio M. Esquinas
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2021
  • - Article ID 9960667
  • - Research Article

Impact of HACOR Score on Noninvasive Ventilation Failure in Non-COPD Patients with Acute-on-Chronic Respiratory Failure

Min Ding | Xiaoli Han | ... | Jun Duan
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2021
  • - Article ID 6657724
  • - Research Article

Effects of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure on Sleep EEG Characteristics in Patients with Primary Central Sleep Apnea Syndrome

Cheng Zhang | Kun Chen | ... | Jing Ma
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2020
  • - Article ID 6682589
  • - Research Article

Head-To-Head Comparison of Treatment Failure and Costs among COPD Patients Who Used Noninvasive Ventilation in the Ward versus in the ICU: A Propensity-Matched Cohort Study

Yueling Hong | Qiao Liu | ... | Chuanbo Liu
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2020
  • - Article ID 8885464
  • - Research Article

Risk Factors Associated with Late Failure of Noninvasive Ventilation in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Tao Chen | Linfu Bai | ... | Jun Duan
Canadian Respiratory Journal
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