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Cardiology Research and Practice
Volume 2011, Article ID 820457, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/820457
Review Article

Efficacy of Dietary Behavior Modification for Preserving Cardiovascular Health and Longevity

Framingham Heart Study, Boston University School of Medicine, 73 Mount Wayte Avenue, Framingham, MA 01702, USA

Received 2 September 2010; Accepted 30 November 2010

Academic Editor: Demosthenes Panagiotakos

Copyright © 2011 Moira McAllister Pryde and William Bernard Kannel. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its predisposing risk factors are major lifestyle and behavioral determinants of longevity. Dietary lifestyle choices such as a heart healthy diet, regular exercise, a lean weight, moderate alcohol consumption, and smoking cessation have been shown to substantially reduce CVD and increase longevity. Recent research has shown that men and women who adhere to this lifestyle can substantially reduce their risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). The preventive benefits of maintaining a healthy lifestyle exceed those reported for using medication and procedures. Among the modifiable preventive measures, diet is of paramount importance, and recent data suggest some misconceptions and uncertainties that require reconsideration. These include commonly accepted recommendations about polyunsaturated fat intake, processed meat consumption, fish choices and preparation, transfatty acids, low carbohydrate diets, egg consumption, coffee, added sugar, soft drink beverages, glycemic load, chocolate, orange juice, nut consumption, vitamin D supplements, food portion size, and alcohol.