Review Article

Haemodynamic Monitoring Using Echocardiography in the Critically Ill: A Review

Figure 1

Methods for measuring LV function. (a) Atrioventricular plane displacement (septal wall) using M-mode, showing abnormal (decreased) displacement. (b) Systolic tissue Doppler measurement at the septal and lateral walls using tissue velocity imaging with pulsed wave Doppler, showing normal velocities.