Cardiology Research and Practice / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Haemodynamic Monitoring Using Echocardiography in the Critically Ill: A Review

Table 1

Potential advantages and disadvantages of echocardiography versus invasive monitoring.

EchocardiographyInvasive haemodynamic monitoring

InvasivenessTTE noninvasive TEE semi-invasivePAC invasive arterial waveform analysis semi-invasive

PortabilityScanners easily moved to patientGenerally not portable

Use in acute careYes, also documented for EDNo

Diagnostic valueYesYes

Monitoring capabilityYesYes

User dependentVery user dependentLess user dependent, some methods require calibration

PAC: pulmonary artery catheter; TTE: transthoracic echocardiography; TEE: transoesophageal echocardiography.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.