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Cardiology Research and Practice
Volume 2012, Article ID 383181, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/383181
Review Article

Diverse Spectrum of Presentation of Coronary Slow Flow Phenomenon: A Concise Review of the Literature

1Section of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73126-0901, USA
2Cardiovascular Section, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA

Received 27 October 2011; Revised 19 February 2012; Accepted 20 February 2012

Academic Editor: Michael S. Wolin

Copyright © 2012 Muhammad A. Chaudhry et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP) is a disease entity characterized by slow progression of angiographic contrast in the coronary arteries in the absence of stenosis in the epicardial vessels. CSFP has a diverse presentation from mild chest discomfort to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. It can also have severe morbidity and mortality implications and can significantly hamper the quality of life of those affected. In this paper we present two patients with CSFP highlighting the diverse spectrum of presentation. A concise review of the literature is also provided emphasizing the epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnostic parameters, treatment modalities, and clinical significance of this phenomenon.