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Cardiology Research and Practice
Volume 2012, Article ID 383217, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/383217
Review Article

Nonconvective Forces: A Critical and Often Ignored Component in the Echocardiographic Assessment of Transvalvular Pressure Gradients

1Division of Cardiac Surgery, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
2Department of Anesthesiology, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, OH 43210, USA

Received 11 May 2011; Accepted 14 August 2011

Academic Editor: Anthony McLean

Copyright © 2012 Michael S. Firstenberg et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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