Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Cardiology Research and Practice
Volume 2014, Article ID 179632, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/179632
Clinical Study

Characterization of Pulmonary Vein Dimensions Using High-Definition 64-Slice Computed Tomography prior to Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation

1Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Center, University Hospital Zurich, Rämistrasse 100, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
2Department of Radiology, Cardiac Imaging, University Hospital Zurich, Rämistrasse 100, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
3Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP), University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland

Received 14 December 2013; Accepted 26 May 2014; Published 25 June 2014

Academic Editor: Jesús M. Almendral

Copyright © 2014 Catherine Gebhard et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. D. Krahn, J. Manfreda, R. B. Tate, F. A. L. Mathewson, and T. E. Cuddy, “The natural history of atrial fibrillation: incidence, risk factors, and prognosis in the Manitoba Follow-Up Study,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 98, no. 5, pp. 476–484, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Haïssaguerre, P. Jaïs, D. C. Shah et al., “Spontaneous initiation of atrial fibrillation by ectopic beats originating in the pulmonary veins,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 339, no. 10, pp. 659–666, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. Oral, B. P. Knight, H. Tada et al., “Pulmonary vein isolation for paroxysmal and persistent atrial fibrillation,” Circulation, vol. 105, no. 9, pp. 1077–1081, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. C. Shah, M. Haïssaguerre, P. Jaïs et al., “Curative catheter ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in 200 patients: strategy for presentations ranging from sustained atrial fibrillation to no arrhythmias,” Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 1541–1558, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. M. Lacomis, O. Goitein, C. Deible, and D. Schwartzman, “CT of the pulmonary veins,” Journal of Thoracic Imaging, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 63–76, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. W. den Uijl, L. F. Tops, V. Delgado et al., “Effect of pulmonary vein anatomy and left atrial dimensions on outcome of circumferential radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 243–249, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. A. Wood, M. Wittkamp, D. Henry et al., “A comparison of pulmonary vein ostial anatomy by computerized tomography, echocardiography, and venography in patients with atrial fibrillation having radiofrequency catheter ablation,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 49–53, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. Blanke, T. Baumann, M. Langer, and G. Pache, “Imaging of pulmonary vein anatomy using low-dose prospective ECG-triggered dual-source computed tomography,” European Radiology, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1851–1855, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H.-M. Tsao, M.-H. Wu, B.-H. Huang et al., “Morphologic remodeling of pulmonary veins and left atrium after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: insight from long-term follow-up of three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging,” Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 7–12, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. I. Woźniak-Skowerska, M. Skowerski, A. Wnuk-Wojnar et al., “Comparison of pulmonary veins anatomy in patients with and without atrial fibrillation: analysis by multislice tomography,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 146, no. 2, pp. 181–185, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. R. Ghadri, S. M. Küest, R. Goetti et al., “Image quality and radiation dose comparison of prospectively triggered low-dose CCTA: 128-slice dual-source high-pitch spiral versus 64-slice single-source sequential acquisition,” International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 1217–1225, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. R. Buechel, L. Husmann, B. A. Herzog et al., “Low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography with prospective electrocardiogram triggering: feasibility in a large population,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 332–336, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. Husmann, B. A. Herzog, O. Gaemperli et al., “Diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography coronary angiography and evaluation of stress-only single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography hybrid imaging: comparison of prospective electrocardiogram- triggering versus retrospective gating,” European Heart Journal, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 600–607, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. A. Herzog, C. A. Wyss, L. Husmann et al., “First head-to-head comparison of effective radiation dose from low-dose 64-slice CT with prospective ECG-triggering versus invasive coronary angiography,” Heart, vol. 95, no. 20, pp. 1656–1661, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. Schmidt, S. Ernst, F. Ouyang et al., “External and endoluminal analysis of left atrial anatomy and the pulmonary veins in three-dimensional reconstructions of magnetic resonance angiography: the full insight from inside,” Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 957–964, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. Scharf, M. Sneider, I. Case et al., “Anatomy of the pulmonary veins in patients with atrial fibrillation and effects of segmental ostial ablation analyzed by computed tomography,” Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 150–155, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. E. M. Marom, J. E. Herndon, Y. H. Kim, and H. P. McAdams, “Variations in pulmonary venous drainage to the left atrium: implications for radiofrequency ablation,” Radiology, vol. 230, no. 3, pp. 824–829, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Bittner, G. Mnnig, A. J. Vagt et al., “Pulmonary vein variants predispose to atrial fibrillation: a case-control study using multislice contrast-enhanced computed tomography,” Europace, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 1394–1400, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. W.-S. Lin, V. S. Prakash, C.-T. Tai et al., “Pulmonary vein morphology in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation initiated by ectopic beats originating from the pulmonary veins: implications for catheter ablation,” Circulation, vol. 101, no. 11, pp. 1274–1281, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. Kato, L. Lickfett, G. Meininger et al., “Pulmonary vein anatomy in patients undergoing catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: lessons learned by use of magnetic resonance imaging,” Circulation, vol. 107, no. 15, pp. 2004–2010, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. Sohns, J. M. Sohns, D. Vollmann et al., “Left atrial volumetry from routine diagnostic work up prior to pulmonary vein ablation is a good predictor of freedom from atrial fibrillation,” European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 684–691, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. J. McLellan, L. H. Ling, D. Ruggiero et al., “Pulmonary vein isolation: the impact of pulmonary venous anatomy on long-term outcome of catheter ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation,” Heart Rhythm, vol. 11, pp. 549–556, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  23. S. Schroeder, A. F. Kopp, A. Kuettner et al., “Influence of heart rate on vessel visibility in noninvasive coronary angiography using new multislice computed tomography. Experience in 94 patients,” Clinical Imaging, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 106–111, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. I. Hof, K. Chilukuri, A. Arbab-Zadeh et al., “Does left atrial volume and pulmonary venous anatomy predict the outcome of catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation?” Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 1005–1010, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. von Bary, C. Dornia, C. Eissnert et al., “Predictive value of left atrial volume measured by non-invasive cardiac imaging in the treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation,” Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 181–188, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. R. M. Jongbloed, M. S. Dirksen, J. J. Bax et al., “Atrial fibrillation: multi-detector row CT of pulmonary vein anatomy prior to radio-frequency catheter ablation - Initial experience,” Radiology, vol. 234, no. 3, pp. 702–709, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. R. M. Jongbloed, J. J. Bax, H. J. Lamb et al., “Multislice computed tomography versus intracardiac echocardiography to evaluate the pulmonary veins before radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: a head-to-head comparison,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 343–350, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. W. Wei, J. B. Ge, Y. Zou, L. Lin, Y. Cai, and X. B. Liu, “Anatomical characteristics of pulmonary veins for the prediction of postoperative recurrence after radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation,” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, Article ID e93817, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  29. F. H. M. Wittkampf, E.-J. Vonken, R. Derksen et al., “Pulmonary vein ostium geometry: analysis by magnetic resonance angiography,” Circulation, vol. 107, no. 1, pp. 21–23, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus