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Cardiology Research and Practice
Volume 2016, Article ID 7842514, 7 pages
Review Article

Comparison of the Postprocedural Quality of Life between Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Systematic Review

1MBBS-Dow University of Health Sciences (DUHS), Karachi 74100, Pakistan
2Kharadar General Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
3Cardiology, Civil Hospital, DUHS, Karachi 74100, Pakistan
4Aga Khan University of Health Sciences, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
5Department of Biological Sciences, The Lyceum, Karachi 75600, Pakistan
6The Karachi Grammar School, Karachi 75600, Pakistan

Received 2 August 2015; Accepted 4 November 2015

Academic Editor: Piera Angelica Merlini

Copyright © 2016 Kaneez Fatima et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The treatment of choice between coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has remained unclear. Considering quality of life (QOL) increases life expectancy, we believe QOL should be important in determining the optimum treatment. Thus the objective of this review was to illustrate the comparative effects of CABG and PCI on postprocedural QOL. Methods. We searched PubMed (Medline) and Embase from inception of the databases to May 2014 using “PCI versus CABG quality of life”, “Percutaneous Coronary intervention versus Coronary artery bypass graft surgery Quality of life”, “PCI versus CABG health status”, “Angioplasty versus CABG”, “Percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary artery bypass surgery health status”, and different combinations of the above terms. 447 articles were found. After applying strict exclusion criteria, we included 13 studies in this review. Results. From the 9 studies that compared QOL scores at 6 months after procedure, 5 studies reported CABG to be superior. From the 10 studies that compared QOL among patients at 1 year after procedure, 9 reported CABG to be superior. Conclusion. It can be established that CABG is superior to PCI in improving patient’s QOL with respect to all scales used to determine quality of life.