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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2008 (2008), Article ID 981952, 11 pages
Research Article

A Simple Nonlinear Dynamic Model for Unemployment: Explaining the Spanish Case

1IPED, University of Texas at El Paso, TX 79968, USA
2Department of Economics, Keynes College, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NP, UK

Received 22 January 2008; Accepted 14 June 2008

Academic Editor: E. Casetti

Copyright © 2008 João Ricardo Faria and Miguel A. León-Ledesma. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Spanish unemployment is characterized by three distinct regimes of low, medium, and high unemployment and by a fast transition between them. This paper presents a simple nonlinear dynamic model that is able to explain this behavior with multiple equilibria and jumps describing the transition between equilibria. The model has only a small number of parameters capturing the fundamentals of labor markets and macroeconomic and institutional factors. The model is capable of generating unemployment dynamics that encompass the “unique” natural rate hypothesis, the structuralist hypothesis, and the hysteresis hypothesis.