Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society

Volumeย 2011, Article IDย 185160, 8 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/185160

## A Note on the Inverse Moments for Nonnegative -Mixing Random Variables

School of Mathematical Science, Anhui University, Hefei 230039, China

Received 24 June 2011; Accepted 15 July 2011

Academic Editor: Tetsujiย Tokihiro

Copyright ยฉ 2011 Aiting Shen. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

Wu et al. (2009) studied the asymptotic approximation of inverse moments for nonnegative independent random variables. Shen et al. (2011) extended the result of Wu et al. (2009) to the case of -mixing random variables. In the paper, we will further study the asymptotic approximation of inverse moments for nonnegative -mixing random variables, which improves the corresponding results of Wu et al. (2009), Wang et al. (2010), and Shen et al. (2011) under the case of identical distribution.

#### 1. Introduction

Firstly, we will recall the definition of -mixing random variables.

Let be a sequence of random variables defined on a fixed probability space . Let and be positive integers. Write and . Given -algebras in , let Define the -mixing coefficients by

*Definition 1.1. *A sequence of random variables is said to be -mixing if as *. *

-mixing sequence was introduced by Kolmogorov and Rozanov [1]. It is easily seen that -mixing sequence contains independent sequence as a special case.

The main purpose of the paper is to study the asymptotic approximation of inverse moments for nonnegative -mixing random variables with identical distribution.

Let be a sequence of independent nonnegative random variables with finite second moments. Denote It is interesting to show that under suitable conditions the following equivalence relation holds, namely, where and are arbitrary real numbers.

Here and below, for two positive sequences and , we write if as . is a positive constant which can be different in various places.

The inverse moments can be applied in many practical applications. For example, they may be applied in Stein estimation and poststratification (see [2, 3]), evaluating risks of estimators and powers of tests (see [4, 5]). In addition, they also appear in the reliability (see [6]) and life testing (see [7]), insurance and financial mathematics (see [8]), complex systems (see [9]), and so on.

Under certain asymptotic-normality condition, relation (1.4) was established in Theoremโโ2.1 of Garcia and Palacios [10]. But, unfortunately, that theorem is not true under the suggested assumptions, as pointed out by Kaluszka and Okolewski [11]. The latter authors established (1.4) by modifying the assumptions as follows:(i) (, in the i.i.d. case);(ii), ;(iii)( condition) ().

Hu et al. [12] considered weaker conditions: , where satisfies condition and . Wu et al. [13] applied Bernsteinโs inequality and the truncated method to greatly improve the conclusion in weaker condition on moment. Wang et al. [14] extended the result for independent random variables to the case of NOD random variables. Shi et al. [15] obtained (1.4) for . Sung [16] studied the inverse moments for a class of nonnegative random variables.

Recently, Shen et al. [17] extended the result of Wu et al. [13] to the case of -mixing random variables and obtained the following result.

Theorem A. *Let be a nonnegative -mixing sequence with . Suppose that *(i)*, for all ;*(ii)*, where is defined by (1.3);*(iii)*for some ,*(iv)*for some and any positive constants ,**
Then for any and , (1.4) holds.*

In this paper, we will further study the asymptotic approximation of inverse moments for nonnegative -mixing random variables with identical distribution. We will show that (1.4) holds under very mild conditions and the condition (iv) in Theorem A can be deleted. In place of the Bernstein type inequality used by Shen et al. [17], we make the use of Rosenthal type inequality of -mixing random variables. Our main results are as follows.

Theorem 1.2. *Let be a sequence of nonnegative -mixing random variables with identical distribution and let be a sequence of positive constants. Let and be real numbers. . Assume that . Suppose that *(i)*, for all ;*(ii)* as , where ;*(iii)*for all , there exist and such that **
Then (1.4) holds. *

Corollary 1.3. *Let be a sequence of nonnegative -mixing random variables with identical distribution and . Let be a sequence of positive constants satisfying for some and as . Let and be real numbers. . Assume that . Then (1.4) holds.*

By Theorem 1.2, we can get the following convergence rate of relative error in the relation (1.4).

Theorem 1.4. *Assume that conditions of Theorem 1.2 are satisfied and . . If for all large enough, where is a positive constant, then
*

Theorem 1.5. *Assume that conditions of Theorem 1.2 are satisfied and . . Then
*

Taking in Theorem 1.2, we have the following asymptotic approximation of inverse moments for the partial sums of nonnegative -mixing random variables with identical distribution.

Theorem 1.6. *Let be a sequence of nonnegative -mixing random variables with identical distribution. Let and be real numbers. . Assume that . Suppose that *(i)*, ;*(ii)* as , where ;*(iii)*for all , there exist and such that
** Then .*

*Remark 1.7. *Theorem 1.2 in this paper improves the corresponding results of Wu et al. [13], Wang et al. [14], and Shen et al. [17]. Firstly, Theorem 1.4 in this paper is based on the condition , for all , which is weaker than the condition , for all in the above cited references. Secondly, is an arbitrary sequence of positive constants in Theorem 1.2, while in the above cited references. Thirdly, the condition (iv) in Theorem A is not needed in Theorem 1.2. Finally, (1.7) is weaker than (1.5) under the case of identical distribution. Actually, by the condition (1.5), we can see that
which implies that for all , there exists a positive integer such that
that is, (1.7) holds.

#### 2. Proof of the Main Results

In order to prove the main results of the paper, we need the following important moment inequality for -mixing random variables.

Lemma 2.1 (c.f. Shao [18, Corollaryโโ1.1]). *Let and be a sequence of -mixing random variables. Assume that , and
**
Then there exists a positive constant depending only on and such that for any and ,
**
where , and .*

*Remark 2.2. *We point out that if is a sequence of -mixing random variables with identical distribution and the conditions of Lemma 2.1 hold, then we have
The inequality above is the Rosenthal type inequality of identical distributed -mixing random variables.

*Proof of Theorem 1.2. *It is easily seen that is a convex function of on , therefore, we have by Jensenโs inequality that
which implies that
To prove (1.4), it is enough to prove that
In order to prove (2.6), we need only to show that for all ,
By (iii), we can see that for all ,
Let
For , since , we have
By (2.8), we have for that
Therefore, by (2.12), Markovโs inequality, Remark 2.2 and โs inequality, for any and all sufficiently large,
Taking , we have by (2.10), (2.11), and (2.13) that
which implies (2.7). This completes the proof of the theorem.

*Proof of Corollary 1.3. *The condition for some implies that
thus, as .

The fact and yield that as , which implies that for all , there exists such that
That is to say condition (iii) of Theorem 1.2 holds. Therefore, the desired result follows from Theorem 1.2 immediately.

*Proof of Theorem 1.4. *Firstly, we will examine . By Remark 2.2, and the condition for all large enough, we can get that
for all large enough.

Denote for . By Taylorโs expansion, we can see that
where is between and . It is easily seen that is decreasing in . Therefore, by (2.18), Cauchy-Schwartz inequality, (2.17) and (1.4), we have
This leads to (1.8). The proof is complete.

*Proof of Theorem 1.5. *The proof is similar to that of Theorem 1.4. In place of , we make the use of . The proof is complete.

#### Acknowledgments

The authors are most grateful to the Editor Tetsuji Tokihiro and an anonymous referee for the careful reading of the paper and valuable suggestions which helped to improve an earlier version of this paper. The paper is supported by the Academic innovation team of Anhui University (KJTD001B).

#### References

- A. N. Kolmogorov and U. A. Rozanov, โOn the strong mixing conditions of a stationary Gaussian process,โ
*Theory of Probability and Its Applications*, vol. 2, pp. 222โ227, 1960. View at Google Scholar - D. A. Wooff, โBounds on reciprocal moments with applications and developments in Stein estimation and post-stratification,โ
*Journal of the Royal Statistical Society B*, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 362โ371, 1985. View at Google Scholar ยท View at Zentralblatt MATH - A. O. Pittenger, โSharp mean-variance bounds for Jensen-type inequalities,โ
*Statistics & Probability Letters*, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 91โ94, 1990. View at Publisher ยท View at Google Scholar ยท View at Zentralblatt MATH ยท View at MathSciNet - E. Marciniak and J. Wesołowski, โAsymptotic Eulerian expansions for binomial and negative binomial reciprocals,โ
*Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society*, vol. 127, no. 11, pp. 3329โ3338, 1999. View at Publisher ยท View at Google Scholar ยท View at Zentralblatt MATH ยท View at MathSciNet - T. Fujioka, โAsymptotic approximations of the inverse moment of the noncentral chi-squared variable,โ
*Journal of the Japan Statistical Society*, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 99โ109, 2001. View at Google Scholar ยท View at Zentralblatt MATH - R. C. Gupta and O. Akman, โStatistical inference based on the length-biased data for the inverse Gaussian distribution,โ
*Statistics A*, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 325โ337, 1998. View at Publisher ยท View at Google Scholar ยท View at Zentralblatt MATH ยท View at MathSciNet - W. Mendenhall and E. H. Lehman, Jr., โAn approximation to the negative moments of the positive binomial useful in life testing,โ
*Technometrics A*, vol. 2, pp. 227โ242, 1960. View at Google Scholar ยท View at Zentralblatt MATH - C. M. Ramsay, โA note on random survivorship group benefits,โ
*ASTIN Bulletin*, vol. 23, pp. 149โ156, 1993. View at Google Scholar - A. Jurlewicz and K. Weron, โRelaxation of dynamically correlated clusters,โ
*Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids*, vol. 305, no. 1–3, pp. 112โ121, 2002. View at Publisher ยท View at Google Scholar - N. L. Garcia and J. L. Palacios, โOn inverse moments of nonnegative random variables,โ
*Statistics & Probability Letters*, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 235โ239, 2001. View at Publisher ยท View at Google Scholar ยท View at Zentralblatt MATH ยท View at MathSciNet - M. Kaluszka and A. Okolewski, โOn Fatou-type lemma for monotone moments of weakly convergent random variables,โ
*Statistics & Probability Letters*, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 45โ50, 2004. View at Publisher ยท View at Google Scholar ยท View at Zentralblatt MATH ยท View at MathSciNet - S. H. Hu, Gui Jing Chen, X. J. Wang, and E. B. Chen, โOn inverse moments of nonnegative weakly convergent random variables,โ
*Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica*, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 361โ367, 2007. View at Google Scholar ยท View at Zentralblatt MATH - T.-J. Wu, X. P. Shi, and B. Q. Miao, โAsymptotic approximation of inverse moments of nonnegative random variables,โ
*Statistics & Probability Letters*, vol. 79, no. 11, pp. 1366โ1371, 2009. View at Publisher ยท View at Google Scholar ยท View at Zentralblatt MATH ยท View at MathSciNet - X. J. Wang, S. H. Hu, W. Z. Yang, and N. X. Ling, โExponential inequalities and inverse moment for NOD sequence,โ
*Statistics & Probability Letters*, vol. 80, no. 5-6, pp. 452โ461, 2010. View at Publisher ยท View at Google Scholar ยท View at Zentralblatt MATH - X. P. Shi, Y. H. Wu, and Y. Liu, โA note on asymptotic approximations of inverse moments of nonnegative random variables,โ
*Statistics & Probability Letters*, vol. 80, no. 15-16, pp. 1260โ1264, 2010. View at Publisher ยท View at Google Scholar ยท View at Zentralblatt MATH - S. H. Sung, โOn inverse moments for a class of nonnegative random variables,โ
*Journal of Inequalities and Applications*, vol. 2010, Article ID 823767, 13 pages, 2010. View at Publisher ยท View at Google Scholar ยท View at Zentralblatt MATH - A. Shen, Y. Shi, W. Wang, and B. Han, โBernstein-type inequality for weakly dependent sequence and its applications,โ
*Revista Matematica Complutense*, pp. 1โ12, 2011. View at Publisher ยท View at Google Scholar - Q. M. Shao, โMaximal inequalities for partial sums of
*ρ*-mixing sequences,โ*The Annals of Probability*, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 948โ965, 1995. View at Publisher ยท View at Google Scholar ยท View at MathSciNet