Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society

Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 381571, 9 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/381571

## Delay-Dependent Stability Analysis and Synthesis for Uncertain Impulsive Switched System with Mixed Delays

Naval Aeronautical Engineering Institute Qingdao Branch, Qingdao 266041, China

Received 27 November 2010; Accepted 15 March 2011

Academic Editor: Guang Zhang

Copyright © 2011 Binbin Du and Xiaojie Zhang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

This paper studies the asymptotic stability problem for a class of uncertain impulsive switched systems with discrete and distributed delays. Based on Lyapunov functional theory, delay-dependent sufficient LMI conditions are established for the asymptotic stability of the considered systems. Moreover, an appropriate feedback controller is constructed for stabilizing the corresponding closed-loop system. The results are illustrated to be efficient through an example.

#### 1. Introduction

A switched system is a type of hybrid system which is a combination of discrete and continuous dynamical systems. These systems arise as models for phenomena which cannot be described by exclusively continuous or exclusively discrete processes. Recently, on the basis of Lyapunov functions and other analysis tools, the stability and stabilization for switched systems have been investigated and many variable results have been obtained; see [1–4]. In general, the switched systems which have been widely studied in the literature can be classified into two groups: continuous switched systems and discrete switched systems. However, both of these classes do not cover some useful switched systems existing in the real world displaying a certain kind of dynamics with impulse effect at the switching points, that is, the states jump. Studies on the dynamic systems with impulsive effect and switching have arisen in various fields of science and engineering in recent years; see [5–11]. These systems are called impulsive switched systems, which are useful to model those physical phenomena that exhibit abrupt changes at certain time points due to impulsive inputs or switching. For these systems, there is an increasing interest among the control community in terms of stability analysis and the design of stabilizing feedback controller so as to achieve a required stability performance. For example, in [6], the authors studied a class of uncertain impulsive switched systems with delay input; in [7], the author studied a class of impulsive switched systems; by constructing appropriate Lyapunov-Krasovskii functions and using LMI approach, some asymptotic stability criteria were obtained and some appropriate feedback controllers were constructed. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, most of the papers have studied the delay-independent stability criteria, and few delay-dependent results have been reported in the literature concerning the problem of robust stability for the impulsive switched systems. This motivates our research.

On the other hand, time delays and uncertainties happen frequently in various engineering, biological, and economical systems, and they many result in instability. Many stability criteria have been derived for continuous dynamical systems with time delays or uncertainties; see [12–14]. However, such fewer results have been reported for stability analysis and control of impulsive switched systems with distributed time delays.

In this paper, the problem of delay-dependent stability analysis and synthesis for impulsive switched system with discrete and distributed delays is studied. The uncertainties under consideration are norm bounded. Based on Lyapunov functional approach and linear matrix inequality technology, some new delay-dependent stability and stabilization conditions are derived. Finally, a numerical example is given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

*Notations*. Throughout the paper, stands for matrix transpose of the matrix . is the -dimensional Euclidean space. is the set of all -dimensional matrices. denotes the identity matrix of appropriate dimensions. means that is a symmetric positive definite (negative definite) matrix. represents the elements below the main diagonal of a symmetric matrix.

#### 2. Problem Formulation and Preliminaries

Consider the following impulsive switched system with mixed delays: where and , , are the state vector and the control input, respectively. , are time delays, . , where , . , which means that the solution of the system (2.1) is left continuous at the impulsive switched time point which satisfies , . , , is a discrete state variable. represents a switching rule of the system (2.1), that is, at time point, the system switches to the subsystem from the subsystem:,,,, are known constant real matrices. and are unknown real norm-bounded matrix functions which represent time-varying parameter uncertainties, which are of the following form: where , , and are known constant real matrices of appropriate dimensions and is an unknown real time-varying matrix satisfying .

Lemma 2.1. *Let , , and be matrices with appropriate dimensions. Suppose that ; then, for any real scale , one has that
*

Lemma 2.2. *For any constant matrix , , and a scalar , vector function is such that the integrations concerned are well defined; then
*

#### 3. Stability Analysis

Theorem 3.1. *Suppose that there exist symmetric positive definite matrices , , , and and some positive scalars such that for the following LMIs hold: *(a)*
where ,*(b)*(c)**
Then the trivial solution of the impulsive switched system (2.1) with is robustly asymptotically stable.*

*Proof. *When , consider the Lyapunov-Krasovskii function candidate
Taking the right upper derivative of along the solution of the impulsive switched system (2.1), we have that
Define
, and ; then we have that
Let
Then by Lemma 2.1 and Schur complement, we have that
where .

The stability condition can be obtained if the following inequalities hold:
By condition (b) of the theorem, the former inequality is satisfied. will hold if the following condition is satisfied:

Define
Then by left multiplying and right multiplying (3.11) by and , respectively, we have inequality (3.1).

From conditions (3.1) and (3.2), . It means that the impulsive switched system is robustly asymptotically stable, except possibly at the impulsive switching points.

Next, for the impulsive switching time point , we have that
Obviously, if , we have that . On the other hand, by using Schur complement, is equivalent to condition (c) of the theorem given by (3.3). Thus, by (3.1), (3.2), and (3.3), the impulsive switched system (2.1) is robustly asymptotically stable.

This completes the proof.

#### 4. Design of Feedback Controller

In this section, we focus on designing a memoryless state feedback controller in the form of , which stabilizes the uncertain impulsive switched systems with discrete and distributed delays considered.

Theorem 4.1. *Suppose that there exist symmetric positive definite matrices , , , and and some positive scalars , such that for LMIs (3.2), (3.3), and the following LMIs hold:
**
where , . **Then the trivial solution of the impulsive switched system (2.1) is asymptotically stable. Moreover,
**
is a feedback controller which stabilizes the corresponding closed-loop impulsive switched system.*

*Proof. *Substitute and into the system (2.1). Then the corresponding closed-loop impulsive switched system is of the form
where .

Replacing with in the matrix defined in Theorem 3.1, we have that
where , and
where .

Similar to the proof of Theorem 3.1, in what follows, we will prove that the following LMIs hold:

Define
where is defined in Theorem 4.1. Then by left multiplying and right multiplying by and , respectively, we have the LMIs (4.1). The rest of the proof is similar to that of Theorem 3.1 and will be omitted.

This completes the proof.

#### 5. Numerical Example

As an illustration, we consider a system in the form of (2.1) under the given switching rule , . Without loss of generality, assume that there are two subsystems, that is, , between which the dynamical system alternates. Choose the discrete time delay . We consider robust performance of the system using Theorem 3.1. The parameters of the system are specified as follows:
Let . Then by solving (3.1)*~*(3.3) under MATLAB Toolbox, we obtain the upper bound of .

Letting and , we obtain the following linear memoryless controller by using Theorem 4.1:

#### 6. Conclusion

In this paper, the asymptotic stability problem for a class of uncertain impulsive switched systems with discrete and distributed delays is discussed. Firstly, delay-dependent stability criteria have been obtained by choosing proper Lyapunov function. Furthermore, some appropriate feedback controllers have been constructed to ensure the asymptotic stability of the closed-loop systems. A numerical example is solved by MATLAB Toolbox to illustrate that the results obtained are effective.

#### References

- D Liberzon,
*Switching in Systems and Control*, Birkhäuser, Boston, Mass, USA, 2003. View at Zentralblatt MATH - J Liu, X. Liu, and W.-C. Xie, “Delay-dependent robust control for uncertain switched systems with time-delay,”
*Nonlinear Analysis. Hybrid Systems*, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 81–95, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - R. Yuan, Z. Jing, and L. Chen, “Uniform asymptotic stability of hybrid dynamical systems with delay,”
*IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control*, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 344–348, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - S. Kim, S. Campbell, and X. Liu, “Stability of a class of linear switching systems with time delay,”
*IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems. I*, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 384–393, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - Z. G. Li, C. Y. Wen, and Y. C. Soh, “Unified approach for stability analysis of impulsive hybrid systems,” in
*Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control*, vol. 5, pp. 4398–4403, 1999. - H. Xu and K. L. Teo, “Robust stabilization of uncertain impulsive switched systems with delayed control,”
*Computers & Mathematics with Applications*, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 63–70, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH - H. Xu, X. Liu, and K. L. Teo, “A LMI approach to stability analysis and synthesis of impulsive switched systems with time delays,”
*Nonlinear Analysis. Hybrid Systems*, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 38–50, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - H. Xu, X. Liu, and K. L. Teo, “Robust ${H}_{\infty}$ stabilisation with definite attenuance of an uncertain impulsive switched system,”
*The ANZIAM Journal*, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 471–484, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet - S.-H. Lee and J.-T. Lim, “Stability analysis of switched systems with impulse effects,” in
*Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Intelligent Control*, pp. 79–83, 1999. - X. Ding and H. Xu, “Robust stability and stabilization of a class of impulsive switched systems,”
*Dynamics of Continuous Discrete and Impulsive system. Series B*, vol. 2, pp. 795–798, 2005. View at Google Scholar - Z.-H. Guan, D. J. Hill, and X. Shen, “On hybrid impulsive and switching systems and application to nonlinear control,”
*IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control*, vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 1058–1062, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - K. Gu and S.-I. Niculescu, “Survey on recent results in the stability and control of time-delay systems,” in
*Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, Transactions of the ASME*, vol. 125, no. 2, pp. 158–165, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - K. Gu, V. L. Khartnov, and J. Chen,
*Stability and Robust Stability of Time Delay Systems*, Birkhauser, Boston, Mass, USA, 2003. - X. Li and C. E. de Souza, “Delay-dependent robust stability and stabilization of uncertain linear delay systems: a linear matrix inequality approach,”
*IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control*, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 1144–1148, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at MathSciNet