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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2015, Article ID 151434, 8 pages
Research Article

Route Choice in Subway Station during Morning Peak Hours: A Case of Guangzhou Subway

1State Key Laboratory of Rail Traffic Control and Safety, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2School of Traffic and Transportation, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
3Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA

Received 18 July 2014; Accepted 1 September 2014

Academic Editor: Yongjun Shen

Copyright © 2015 Jie Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper is aimed at crowding phenomenon in the subway. As passengers are inclined to choose the route with minimum disutility, we put forward a route choice model which is constructed to achieve minimum objective function of feasibility for the optimal solution. Meanwhile we set passenger volume threshold values according to capacity of facilities. In the case of actual capacity exceeding the threshold, the decision node of constrained route will be selected; computing procedure about searching decision points will be presented. Then we should set rational restrictions at the decision node of the minimum utility function route to prevent too many passengers’ access to platform. Through certification, this series of methods can effectively ensure the safety of the station efficient operation.