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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2015, Article ID 285746, 20 pages
Research Article

Advanced Software Ground Station and UAV Development for NLoS Control Using Mobile Communications

1College of Electronic and Information Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (NUAA), Nanjing 210016, Jiangsu, China
2Astronautics College, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (NUAA), Nanjing 210016, Jiangsu, China
3Electronics and Communications Department, Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University (ASU), Cairo 11517, Egypt

Received 25 May 2015; Revised 22 July 2015; Accepted 30 August 2015

Academic Editor: Francisco R. Villatoro

Copyright © 2015 Amr AbdElHamid et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Over the last decades, Unmanned Aerial Systems (UASs) have gained much attention due to their various applications in different sections. However, their communication range is limited to utilized communication equipment. Therefore, utilization of GSM channels opens a new prospect towards long distance UAV missions and mobile command and control centers. This paper demonstrates new design and development of a small-scale UAV and a Ground Control Station (GCS) using GSM bidirectional communications for Non-Line of Sight (NLoS) long range control. GCSs are considered the front end node in UAV guidance process. Therefore, the proposed GCS employs a two-layer framework to consider all ground pilot requirements. Moreover, a new exploitation of global weather forecast data is added to the GCS. On the other hand, the proposed airborne system utilizes a new integration of different Commercial off-the-Shelf (COTS) components and excludes short range receivers. The ground and flight tests show that stable bidirectional GSM communication is established, reliable hardware integration is accomplished, real time performance is achieved, GCS functional fidelity is obtained, and low cost is maintained. Finally, some qualitative aspects of the proposed platform are presented to address the detailed features.