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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 680685, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/680685
Research Article

Coopetition in Intermodal Freight Transport Services

1School of Traffic and Transportation, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, China
2School of Economics and Management, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China

Received 24 October 2014; Accepted 27 January 2015

Academic Editor: Driss Boutat

Copyright © 2015 Jian Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The paper studies the coopetition of the downstream different carriers by providing complementary transport services in intermodal freight transport chain. Considering different information structure, a two-stage dynamic game model with simultaneous actions on investment and price is first formulated. Equilibria show both parties have motivation to select coopetition even if the agreement for cooperation investment is reached in advance. When both firms agree on the specific allocation, the new coopetition with higher efficiency would be emerged. Moreover, we analyze the complexity and evolution of coopetition by repeated pricing game with finitely and infinitely time horizon. In the finitely repeated pricing game, both firms have incentive to reach a tacit understanding to alternate choosing price cooperation and competition after setting suitable allocation scheme; the repeated periods are then going to be an issue. In the infinitely repeated pricing game, the perfect cooperation is realized by designing the suitable trigger strategy.