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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 795176, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/795176
Research Article

Identification of Prior Factors Influencing the Mode Choice of Short Distance Travel

1MOE Key Laboratory for Urban Transportation Complex Systems Theory and Technology, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2Beijing Transport Energy & Environment Center, Beijing 100073, China
3College of Science and Technology, Texas Southern University, 3100 Cleburne Avenue, Houston, TX 77004, USA

Received 12 October 2014; Revised 9 January 2015; Accepted 20 January 2015

Academic Editor: B. S. Daya Sagar

Copyright © 2015 Ming Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Short distance trips are defined as any trips shorter than or equal to 5 kilometers, which have been found to be a big contributor to the traffic congestion problem. This paper is intended to analyze factors that influence the mode choice of short distance travels in order to help reduce short distance trips by cars. A survey is conducted at two typical kinds of residential areas, one with a high proportion of short distance car trips and another one with a low proportion. Then, by applying the structural equation modeling, it is found that the age, the household income, and the vehicle ownerships have a significant effect on the mode choice of short distance travels. Besides, among residents of the same type (same age, household income, and vehicle ownerships) in surveyed areas, those in the area with a better green-mode travel environment account for a higher proportion choosing the green mode than those in other areas. Based on this result, it is concluded that a better green-mode travel environment leads to a higher proportion of green-mode travels. In the end, the paper shows residents’ stated willingness to change travel modes from cars to the green mode.