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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2016, Article ID 9865230, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9865230
Research Article

Weighted Complex Network Analysis of the Different Patterns of Metro Traffic Flows on Weekday and Weekend

1School of Traffic & Transportation Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410075, China
2MOE Key Laboratory for Urban Transportation Complex Systems Theory and Technology, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China

Received 15 October 2016; Accepted 15 November 2016

Academic Editor: Ricardo López-Ruiz

Copyright © 2016 Jia Feng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We present a multilayer model to characterize the weekday and weekend patterns in terms of the spatiotemporal flow size distributions in subway networks, based on trip data and operation timetables obtained from the Beijing Subway System. We also investigate the disparity of incoming and outgoing flows at a given station to describe the different spatial structure performance between transfer and nontransfer stations. In addition, we describe the essential interactions between PFN and TFN by defining an indicator, real load. By comparing with the two patterns on weekday and weekend, we found that the substantial trends have roughly the same form, with noticeable lower sizes of flows on weekend ascribed to the essential characteristics of travel demand.