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Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2017, Article ID 3678268, 11 pages
Research Article

Simulation of Pedestrian Behavior in the Collision-Avoidance Process considering Their Moving Preferences

1School of Transportation, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China
2Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100193, China
3College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Hongfei Jia; nc.ude.ulj@fhaij

Received 23 November 2016; Revised 12 April 2017; Accepted 24 April 2017; Published 22 May 2017

Academic Editor: Cengiz Çinar

Copyright © 2017 Zhilu Yuan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Walking habits can affect the self-organizing movement in pedestrian flow. In China, pedestrians prefer to walk along the right-hand side in the collision-avoidance process, and the same is true for the left-hand preference that is followed in several countries. Through experiments with pedestrian flow, we find that the relative position between pedestrians can affect their moving preferences. We propose a kind of collision-avoidance force based on the social force model, which considers the predictions of potential conflict and the relative position between pedestrians. In the simulation, we use the improved model to explore the effect of moving preference on the collision-avoidance process and self-organizing pedestrian movement. We conclude that the improved model can bring the simulation closer to reality and that moving preference is conducive to the self-adjustment of counterflow.