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Prognostic Value of Peroxiredoxin-1 Expression in Patients with Solid Tumors: a Meta-Analysis of Cohort Study
Background and Aim. Peroxiredoxin-1 (PRDX1) has been reported to be abnormally expressed in various malignancies. However, the prognostic role of PRDX1 in human solid tumors remains controversial. We performed this meta-analysis to accurately assess the prognostic significance of PRDX1 protein in patients with solid tumors. Methods. We comprehensively searched electronic databases, namely, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and WanFang databases up to December 2019. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate the association between PRDX1 protein expression and the survival of patients with solid tumors. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% CIs were pooled to estimate the correlation between PRDX1 protein expression and clinicopathologic characteristics in the patients. Results. Seventeen cohort studies that involved 2,858 patients were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled results indicated that positive PRDX1 expression was related to poor overall survival (, 95% CI: 1.24-2.27, ) and disease-free survival (, 95% CI: 1.31-2.70, ). In addition, high PRDX1 expression was associated with large tumor size (, 95% CI: 1.07-2.68, ), advanced TNM stage (, 95% CI: 1.24-4.13, ), and poor tumor differentiation (, 95% CI: 0.44-0.81, ). Conclusions. PRDX1 overexpression is associated with poor outcomes of cancers and may serve as a prognostic biomarker for malignant patients. Hence, PRDX1 could be a new target for antitumor therapy.
Upregulation of Serum miR-629 Predicts Poor Prognosis for Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most common types of cancer worldwide. Accumulating evidence has suggested that aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is involved in the carcinogenesis and progression of NSCLC. The current study is aimed at investigating the clinical significance of serum miR-629 in NSCLC. The expression levels of serum miR-629 in patients with NSCLC, patients with nonmalignant lung diseases, and healthy controls were assessed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Our results showed that serum miR-629 levels were significantly upregulated in NSCLC patients compared to the controls. Serum miR-629 exhibited better performance for discriminating NSCLC patients from healthy controls, compared to the traditional biomarkers CYFRA 21-1 and CEA. In addition, a high serum miR-629 level was positively correlated with adverse clinicopathological parameters including lymph node metastasis, differentiation, and clinical stage. Serum miR-629 was dramatically reduced in the NSCLC cases receiving surgical treatment. Moreover, the patients in the high serum miR-629 group suffered poorer overall survival and disease-free survival than those in the low serum miR-629 group. In conclusion, serum miR-629 might serve as a potential prognostic biomarker for NSCLC.
Identification of Prognostic and Therapeutic Biomarkers among FAM83 Family Members for Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma
Family with sequence similarity 83 (FAM83) members were shown recently to have oncogenic effect in a variety of cancer types, but the biological roles and prognostic value of FAM83 family in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma remain unknown. In the current study, the clinical significance and molecular function of the FAM83 family were assessed by multiple bioinformatics analysis. Besides, potential associations between differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of FAM83 family and antitumor immunity were evaluated using TIMER and TISIDB analyses. As the results show, FAM83A, FAM83D, FAM83E, and FAM83H were significantly upregulated in PDAC and were identified as DEGs. Higher expression of FAM83A, FAM83B, FAM83D, FAM83E, and FAM83H were associated with advanced tumor stage or worse patient prognosis. Importantly, the overexpression of DEGs was found to be significantly correlated with activated KRAS and loss of SMAD4, which are important drivers for PDAC. Further, FAM83A, FAM83D, and FAM83H were associated with CD8+ T cell, Gamma Delta T cell, and CD4+ T cell infiltration in PDAC and FAM83H was found closely correlated with some immunomodulators including immunoinhibitors, immunostimulators, and MHC molecules. In conclusion, FAM83A, FAM83D, FAM83E, and FAM83H have significant prognostic value in PDAC and they may play important roles in regulating tumor progression and the immune cell infiltration.
LncRNA Taurine Upregulated Gene 1 as a Potential Biomarker in the Clinicopathology and Prognosis of Multiple Malignant Tumors: A Meta-Analysis
Background. The lncRNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) is a recently identified potential biomarker in cancer. However, its prognostic role in various cancers is inconsistent among published data. We conducted this meta-analysis to comprehensively confirm the prognostic effect of TUG1 in malignant tumors. Methods. We systemically analyzed the prognostic-predictive capacity of TUG1 through amplifying sample sizes and cancer types. STATA 12.0 was applied for this meta-analysis. Results. A total of 57 eligible studies were included in our meta-analysis. The pooled results suggested that overexpression of TUG1 was significantly correlated with unfavorable overall survival (OS) (, ), shorter recurrence-free survival (RFS) (, ), and shorter event-free survival (EFS) (, ) in patients with cancer. In the subgroup analysis by cancer type, elevated TUG1 expression was associated with poorer survival in patients with gastrointestinal cancer, urinary tumors, gynecological tumors, hematological tumors, and osteosarcoma. However, high expression of TUG1 in respiratory tumors indicated a better prognosis. There was no correlation between high TUG1 expression and OS in patients with head and neck neoplasms or melanoma. Additionally, overexpression of TUG1 was found to be correlated with low-grade tumor differentiation, advanced tumor stage, positive lymphatic metastasis, and positive distant metastasis. Conclusions. High TUG1 expression correlates with poor prognosis and advanced clinicopathological features, verifying the prognostic-predictive capacity of TUG1 in tumors, especially in gastrointestinal cancer, urinary tumors, gynecological tumors, hematological tumors, and osteosarcoma. Meanwhile, the prognostic role of TUG1 in respiratory tumor may be opposite to other tumors.
Identification and Construction of a Long Noncoding RNA Prognostic Risk Model for Stomach Adenocarcinoma Patients
Background. Long noncoding RNA-based prognostic biomarkers have demonstrated great potential in the diagnosis and prognosis of cancer patients. However, systematic assessment of a multiple lncRNA-composed prognostic risk model is lacking in stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD). This study is aimed at constructing a lncRNA-based prognostic risk model for STAD patients. Methods. RNA sequencing data and clinical information of STAD patients were retrieved from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Differentially expressed lncRNAs (DElncRNAs) were identified using the R software. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to construct a prognostic risk model. The survival analysis, C-index, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were employed to assess the sensitivity and specificity of the model. The results were verified using the GEPIA online tool and our clinical samples. Pearson correlation coefficient analysis, Gene Ontology (GO), and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment were performed to indicate the potential biological functions of the selected lncRNA. Results. A total of 1917 DElncRNAs were identified from 343 cases of STAD tissues and 30 cases of noncancerous tissues. According to univariate and multivariable Cox regression analyses, four DElncRNAs (AC129507.1, LINC02407, AL022316.1, and AP000695.2) were selected to establish a prognostic risk model. There was a significant difference in the overall survival between high-risk patients and low-risk patients based on this risk model. The C-index of the model was 0.652. The area under the curve (AUC) for the ROC curve was 0.769. GEPIA results confirmed the expression and prognostic significance of AP000695.2 in STAD. Our clinical data confirmed that upregulated expression of AP000695.2 was correlated with the T stage, distant metastasis, and TNM stage in STAD. GO and KEGG analyses demonstrated that AP000695.2 was closely related to the tumorigenesis process. Conclusions. In this study, we constructed a lncRNA-based prognostic risk model for STAD patients. Our study will provide novel insight into the diagnosis and prognosis of STAD patients.
Golgi Phosphoprotein 3 Represents a Novel Tumor Marker for Gastric and Colorectal Cancers
Background. Early diagnosis is very important for the clinical treatment of gastric cancer (GC) and colorectal cancer (CRC). We aimed to detect Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3) and evaluate its diagnostic value. Materials and Methods. Serum concentrations of GOLPH3 were detected by ELISA in 136 CRC patients, 102 GC patients, and 50 healthy controls at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from June 2016 to December 2019. Serum concentrations of CEA and CA19-9 were detected by ECLIA. Results. Serum concentrations of GOLPH3, CEA, and CA19-9 were higher in GC and CRC patients than in healthy controls (). Serum GOLPH3 concentrations were increased in GC and CRC patients with tumors greater than 5 cm, poor differentiation, greater depth of tumor invasion, and increased lymphatic and distant metastases (). In the GC and CRC groups, the AUCs of GOLPH3 were higher than those of CEA and CA19-9 (), while the AUCs of the marker combination were higher than those of GOLPH3 (), and postoperative serum GOLPH3 levels were lower than preoperative levels (). Serum GOLPH3 concentrations in CRC patients correlated positively with CEA and CA19-9 concentrations (). Conclusion. Serum GOLPH3 concentrations in GC and CRC patients are related to TNM stage. GOLPH3 may represent a novel biomarker for the diagnosis of GC and CRC. The combination of serum GOLPH3, CEA, and CA19-9 concentrations can improve diagnostic efficiency for GC and CRC. GOLPH3 is expected to become an indicator for the early diagnosis and evaluation of surgical effects.