Alaa F. Badawi, Gehan Hosny, Mohamed El-Hadary, Mostafa H. Mostafa, "Salivary Nitrate, Nitrite and Nitrate Reductase Activity in Relation to Risk of Oral Cancer in Egypt", Disease Markers, vol. 14, Article ID 507653, 7 pages, 1998. https://doi.org/10.1155/1998/507653
Salivary Nitrate, Nitrite and Nitrate Reductase Activity in Relation to Risk of Oral Cancer in Egypt
It has been suggested that nitrate and nitrite may play a role in the etiology of human oral cancer. We investigated whether salivary nitrate and nitrite and the activity of nitrate reductase (NRase) may affect the risk of oral cancer in Egypt, an area with high levels of environmental nitrosating agents. Levels of salivary nitrite (8.3 ± 1.0 μg/ml) and nitrate (44 ± 3.7 μg/ml) and activity of NRase (74 ± 10 nmol/ml/min) were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in oral cancer patients (n = 42) compared to control Egyptian healthy individuals (n = 40, nitrite = 5.3 ± 0.3 μg/ml, nitrate = 27 ± 1.2 μg/ml, and NRase activity = 46 ± 4 nmol/ml/min). The adjusted odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence intervals (C.I.) for risk of oral cancer, categorized by the levels of salivary nitrate and nitrite and NRase activity, showed a higher cancer risk associated with nitrite > 7.5 μg/ml (OR: 3.0, C.I.: 1.0–9.3), nitrite > 40 μg/ml (OR: 4.3, C.I.: 1.4–13.3) and NRase activity > 50 nmol/ml/min (OR: 2.9, C.I.: 1.1–7.4). Our findings suggest that increased consumption of dietary nitrate and nitrite is associated with elevated levels of salivary nitrite. Together with the increased activity of salivary NRase, these observations may explain, at least in part, the role of nitrate and nitrite in the development of oral cancer in individuals from an area with a high burden of N-nitroso precursors.
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