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Disease Markers
Volume 19, Issue 2-3, Pages 155-165

The Future of Medical Imaging in the Detection of Early Markers of Disease

Barbara Y. Croft

Cancer Imaging Program, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20852, USA

Received 13 April 2004; Accepted 13 April 2004

Copyright © 2004 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Imaging techniques are a combination of a contrast mechanism, exogenous or endogenous, and an instrument to exploit that contrast. This final chapter of these two special issues of this journal points to possible ways to improve the ability of imaging systems to exploit markers of cancer in the early detection of that disease. The aim not only is to find cancer at an earlier, more treatable stage, but to determine whether the disease discovered is dangerous and to indicate the possibilities for successful treatment. These topics are explored for each imaging system, with an emphasis on directions for future improvements.