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Disease Markers
Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 51-57

Association of Interleukin-10 Gene Promoter Polymorphisms in Saudi Patients with Vitiligo

Abdullah Abanmi, Fahad Al Harthi, Abdulrahman Zouman, Aida Kudwah, Mohammed Al Jamal, Misbahul Arfin, and Mohammad Tariq

Department of Dermatology, Research Center, Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Received 21 November 2007; Accepted 21 November 2007

Copyright © 2008 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The promoter region of human Interleukin −10 gene is highly polymorphic and has been associated with numerous autoimmune diseases. Recent studies have linked vitiligo with defective autoimmune system. This study is aimed to explore a possible association between IL-10 gene polymorphism and vitiligo in Saudi population. This case control study consisted of 184 Saudi subjects including 83 vitiligo patients (40 males, 43 females mean age 27.85 ± 12.43 years) and 101 matched controls. Genomic DNA was extracted from the blood samples of healthy controls and Vitiligo patients visiting out patient clinic of Department of Dermatology, Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital, using QIA ampR DNA mini kit (Qiagen CA, USA). Interleukin-10 gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using Arms primers to detect any polymorphism involved at positions −592, −819 and −1082.

The frequencies of GG genotype at −1082, and CC genotype at positions −592 and 819 were significantly higher in vitiligo patients compared to healthy subjects suggesting that GG and CC genotypes might be susceptible to vitiligo in Saudis. On the other hand genotypes −1082 GA, −819 CT, and −592 CA of IL-10 were more prevalent in healthy controls suggesting protective effects of GA, CT and CA genotypes against vitiligo. This study indicates that the IL-10 gene may play a significant role in the etiology of vitiligo among Saudis.