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Disease Markers
Volume 31, Issue 2, Pages 91-100
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/DMA-2011-0807

Analysis of Sputum Markers in the Evaluation of Lung Inflammation and Functional Impairment in Symptomatic Smokers and COPD Patients

Gregorino Paone,1,2 Vittoria Conti,3 Annarita Vestri,4 Alvaro Leone,5 Giovanni Puglisi,6 Fulvio Benassi,6 Giuseppe Brunetti,6 Giovanni Schmid,2 Ilio Cammarella,7 and Claudio Terzano3

1Department of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences, ‘Sapienza’ University of Rome, S.Camillo-Forlanini Hospital, Rome, Italy
2IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi–Onlus, Rome, Italy
3Department of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences, Respiratory Diseases Unit, ‘Sapienza’ University of Rome, Fondazione E. Lorillard Spencer Cenci, Rome, Italy
4Department of Public Health and Infectious Disease, ‘Sapienza’ University of Rome, Italy
5Pathology Unit, S.Camillo-Forlanini Hospital Hospital, Rome, Italy
6S. Camillo-Forlanini Hospital, Rome, Italy
7Department ‘Attilio Reali’, ‘Sapienza’ University of Rome, Italy

Received 31 August 2011; Accepted 31 August 2011

Copyright © 2011 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Gregorino Paone, Vittoria Conti, Annarita Vestri, et al., “Analysis of Sputum Markers in the Evaluation of Lung Inflammation and Functional Impairment in Symptomatic Smokers and COPD Patients,” Disease Markers, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 91-100, 2011. https://doi.org/10.3233/DMA-2011-0807.