Disease Markers / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Oxidative Stress-Related Biomarkers in Essential Hypertension and Ischemia-Reperfusion Myocardial Damage

Table 1

Biomarkers of oxidative stress.

Type of biomarkerLocationReference

Ferric reducing ability of plasmaExtracellular Benzie and Strain, 1996 [96]
CarbonylsExtracellular Mohanty et al., 2010 [98]
Lipid peroxidation
 MalondialdehydeExtracellular Ohkawa et al., 1979 [77]
 F2-isoprostaneExtracellularCollins et al., 1999 [202]
 4-HydroxynonenalExtracellular Halliwell and Gutteridge, 2007 [89]
Plasma vitamins
 Vitamin CExtracellularRoe and Kuether, 1943 [94]
 Vitamin EExtracellular Teissier 1996 [93]
Antioxidant enzymes
 Superoxide dismutaseIntracellular Misra and Fridovich, 1972 [100]
 CatalaseIntracellular Aebi and Bergmeyer, 1974 [101]
 Glutathione peroxidaseIntracellular Flohé and Günzler, 1984 [102]
 GSH/GSSG ratio in erythrocyte Intracellular Hissin and Hilf, 1976 [104]
Prooxidant enzymes
 Xanthine oxidaseIntracellular Haining and Legan 1967 [106]
 NADPH oxidaseIntracellular Nauseef, 2008 [17, 18]
Others
 Endothelial microparticlesExtracellular Burger and Touyz, 2012 [109]
 Endothelial progenitor cellsExtracellularTouyz and Schiffrin, 2012 [111]
 Ischemia modified albuminExtracellularSinha et al., 2003 [194]

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