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Disease Markers
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 156034, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/156034
Research Article

Breast Carcinoma Progression and Tumour Vascular Markers Related to Apoptotic Mechanisms

1Department of Medical and Clinical Biochemistry and LABMED, Faculty of Medicine, P. J. Šafárik University in Košice, Trieda SNP 1, 040 11 Košice, Slovakia
2Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, P. J. Šafárik University in Košice, Šrobárova 2, 040 11 Košice, Slovakia
32nd Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, P. J. Šafárik University in Košice, Rastislavova 43, 040 11 Košice, Slovakia
4International Clinical Research Center, St. Anne’s University Hospital, Pekařská 53, 656 91 Brno, Czech Republic

Received 31 October 2013; Accepted 3 January 2014; Published 18 February 2014

Academic Editor: Ralf Lichtinghagen

Copyright © 2014 Miroslava Bilecova-Rabajdova et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. In the last few years, the cancer research had tried to identify and characterize new biochemical and molecular pathways in which the inhibition induces prosurvival mechanisms. Our work describes the expression of two different members of apoptotic regulatory pathway and their relationship with a progression of breast carcinoma. Materials and Methods. We compared expression of genes related to apoptosis (DR6 and Gpm6B) in the blood of patients suffering from stage I of breast cancer in different grades (I–IV), with healthy controls. After isolation of mRNA, transcription of mRNA into the cDNA was performed. The quantification of gene expression changes in DR6 and Gpm6B was detected by RT-PCR method. Analysis at the protein level was performed by the Western blot.Results. In statistical analysis of Dr6 mRNA level changes we detected significant increase starting in Grading 1 (G1) and reached maximal level in G3.This expression on mRNA levels was similar to protein levels, which copy rising tendency with maximal value in G3. The results of Gpm6B were significantly lower.Conclusion. This result showed that antiapoptotic signalling during neovascularization is increased significantly. It would be advisable in the future to study the influence of cytostatic treatment on the expression of genes related to apoptotic pathways and their relationship with progression of breast cancer tumours.