Table 1: Selected characteristics of cases and controls.

CharacteristicsCases ()Controls () value

Age (year)65 (56–71)64 (56–73)0.43
Sex (male/female)321/274375/3060.69
BMI (kg/m2)24.6 (22.7–27.0)23.1 (21.1–25.4)<0.001
Smoking (yes/no)182/413229/4520.25
Hypertension (yes/no)261/334167/514<0.001
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.68 (4.09–5.48)4.14 (3.60–5.07)<0.001
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.10 (0.98–1.42)1.24 (1.09–1.58)<0.001
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.81 (2.45–3.29)2.38 (2.05–2.93)<0.001