Table 1: Main demographic, cognitive, psychiatric, neurological, neuropsychiatric, and functional characteristics in comparison groups.

VariablesComparison groups value
WCI ()MNCD-AD ()ScVMNCD ()WCI versus MNCD-ADWCI versus ScVMNCDMNCD-AD versus ScVMNCD

Age (years)72.06 ± 5.2573.90 ± 5.5274.14 ± 5.690.478
Gender, male/female4/128/139/130.3990.3070.850
Education (years)12.88 ± 2.7011.67 ± 4.5112.59 ± 3.830.594
MMSE, score28 (28-29)26 (26-27)26 (24–27)0.0000080.0000010.93
Delayed recall, TIME test, number of words (0–5)4 (4-5)2 (1-2)2 (2-3)<0.000010.00010.34
Delayed recognition, TIME test, number of words (0–10)9 (8–10)5 (5–7)8 (7–9)<0.000010.040.0004
Clock drawing test, part I, score (0–10)9 (9-10)9 (9-10)7.5 (7-8)0.460.000010.0019
Verbal fluency, number of words during 3 min.19 (15–25.5)15 (12–21)13.5 (10–17)0.510.0070.22
Kinetic apraxia, Luria’s tests, score (0–3)0 (0-0)0 (0-0)2 (1–3)1.00.000010.00001
Visuospatial apraxia, Luria’s tests, score (0–3)0 (0-0)1 (0-1)0 (0-1)0.0190.890.19
The severity of pseudobulbar syndrome, score (0–3)0 (0-1)0 (0-1)2 (1-2)1.00.000020.00001
POMA, score (0–28)27.5 (26–28)26 (25-26) 17.5 (13–21)0.06<0.000010.00002
NPI, score (0–144)7 (4–10)11 (8–14)12.5 (8–17)0.130.0251.0
Depression, NPI (, %)5 (31.3)13 (61.9)19 (86.4)0.07<0.00010.07
Anxiety, NPI (, %)15 (93.8)19 (90.5)19 (86.4)0.710.720.67
Apathy, NPI (, %)0 (0)9 (42.9)20 (90.9)0.003<0.00010.001
Irritability, NPI (, %)9 (56.3)14 (66.7)10 (45.5)0.520.510.16
Sleep, NPI (, %)12 (75.0)19 (90.5)19 (86.4)0.210.370.73
BADL, score (0–60)0 (0-0)1 (1-1)2 (1-2)0.0001<0.000010.15

Mean ± standard deviation/median (lower/upper quartile) values are presented.
WCI patients without cognitive impairment.
MNCD-AD patients with mild neurocognitive disorder due to Alzheimer’s disease.
ScVMNCD patients with mild subcortical vascular neurocognitive disorder.
: number of patients.
One-way ANOVA.
test.
Nonparametric ANOVA for multiple comparisons if not otherwise specified.