Review Article

Crosstalk between Vitamins A, B12, D, K, C, and E Status and Arterial Stiffness

Table 2

Effect of vitamin K supplementation and arterial stiffness in human subjects.

AuthorsYear of publicationFollow- upDose of vitamin KStudy population Results

Fulton et al. [34]20166 monthsOral 100 mcg vitamin K2Participants aged ≤70 years, with a history of vascular diseaseA modest nonsignificant decrease in pulse wave velocity (PWV)

Knapen et al. [35]20153 years180 μg menaquinone120 healthy postmenopausal womencarotid-femoral PWV and the stiffness index β decreased

Vossen et al. [36]201524 months360 microgram menaquinone-7 (MK-7)Patients with coronary artery diseaseDifference in coronary artery calcification score between MK-7 and control group