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Dermatology Research and Practice
Volume 2009, Article ID 547039, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/547039
Research Article

An Experimental In Vivo Model to Characterize “Heavy Legs” Symptom in Topical Formulations

1Experimental Dermatology Unit, Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Campo Grande 376, 1749-024 Lisbon, Portugal
2Experimental Physiology Laboratory, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto, 1649-003 Lisbon, Portugal

Received 31 August 2009; Accepted 30 December 2009

Academic Editor: Giuseppe Stinco

Copyright © 2009 Pedro Contreiras Pinto and Luís Monteiro Rodrigues. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The “Heavy legs” symptom is regarded as an early expression of chronic venous failure, estimated to affect 40% of the population in developing countries. A new methodology is proposed to approach the “tired or heavy legs” symptom. Seven females with this complaint applied a standard topical formulation during 28 days in one leg randomly chosen. Local blood flow records were obtained instantaneously and during postural change with a laser doppler flowmeter (LDF). High-frequency sonography and local morphometry were also obtained at Days 0, 14, and 28. When compared with D0, LDF values present a significant decrease of both basal and dynamical values after Day 14 and Day 28 suggesting that this effect may result from the formulation application, also involving the related massage. Centimetric measurements and sonographic analysis also supported those inferences. The proposed methodology can evaluate the dynamical changes of  “heavy legs” symptom and eventually be very useful to assess the related claim support.