Dermatology Research and Practice / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Effects of Topical Emu Oil on Burn Wounds in the Skin of Balb/c Mice

Table 1

Microscopic features of wounds in Emu oil group and control group in different days.

Day 4Day 7Day 10Day 14
CaseControlCaseControlCaseControlCaseControl

Inflammatory cell density (cell/HPF)145 ± 56
Cell/HPF
(++++)
98 ± 35
Cell/HPF
(++++/+++)
91 ± 33
Cell/HPF
(+++/+++)
72 ± 31
Cell/HPF
(+++/++)
67 ± 28
Cell/HPF
(+++/++)
29 ± 15
Cell/HPF
(++/+)
21 ± 14
Cell/HPF
(+)
12 ± 9
Cell/HPF
(+/−)

Inflammatory cell type100% PMN, no MN98% PMN, 2% MN93% PMN, 7% MN70% PMN, 30% MN80% PMN, 20% MN5% PMN, 95% MN30% PMN, 70% MNNo PMN, 100% MN

Granulation tissue formation−/++/−+/−

Edema/++/−+/−

Fibroblast density3 ± 2/HPF5 ± 2/HPF9 ± 4/HPF13 ± 7/HPF23 ± 12/HPF18 ± 8/HPF 22 ± 10/HPF 20 ± 11/HPF

Fibroblast activity−/++/++

Basal layerDamagedDamagedMarked in marginsMarked in marginsJoin completedJoin completedCompletedCompleted

Increased thickness of epidermis in the edge of wound No epidermis in the edge No epidermis in the edge 4 ± 1 layers’ epidermis 4 ± 1 layers’ epidermis 2 ± 1 layers’ epidermis 2 ± 1 layers’ epidermis 1 ± 1 layers’ epidermisNo epidermis in the edge

Keratosis in the edge of wound2 ± 1 layers2 ± 1.5 layers3 ± 1.5 layers2 ± 1 layers6 ± 2 layers2 ± 1 layers3 ± 1 layers2 ± 1 layers

Number of hair follicles in the scar12 ± 5 necrotic follicles/LPF15 ± 6 necrotic follicles/LPF000000

Number of hair follicles in the margins20 ± 220 ± 2.522 ± 318 ± 2.625 ± 3.415 ± 1.428 ± 2.612 ± 1.4

Microscope: Olympus SZX research microscope. LPF (Low Power Field) is 100x and HPF (High Power Field) is 400x. Diameter of objective lens of LPF is 1.02 mm and HPF is 0.51 mm.

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