Depression Research and Treatment / 2012 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Late-Life Depressive Symptoms, Religiousness, and Mood in the Last Week of Life

Table 3

Mood in the last week of life, as reported by proxy respondents of deceased sample members of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam between 1995 and 1998: associations with aspects of religiousness, stratified for previous depressive symptoms.

Depressed mood in last week of life (according to proxy)(a)Sense of peace with approaching  end of life (according to proxy)(b)
Wald OR95% CI Wald OR95% CI

Previously nondepressedChurch members versus nonaffiliated1710.1.7390.880.42–1.861512.3.1291.920.83–4.45
Church attendance [1–5]1730.0.9421.010.83–1.231534.5.0341.311.021.68
Orthodox beliefs [0–6]1310.1.7700.970.81–1.171230.6.4331.080.89–1.33
Salience of religion [0–8]1310.8.3600.920.76–1.111241.3.2501.140.91–1.41
Salience according to proxy [0–8]1730.1.7071.020.91–1.151524.1.0421.151.001.32

Previously depressed
(CES-D ≥ 16)
Church members versus nonaffiliated454.9.0289.051.2864.02410.7.4120.510.10–2.56
Church attendance [1–5]456.4.0112.321.214.44411.1.3000.790.51–1.23
Orthodox beliefs [0–6]323.5.0601.580.982.55 301.1.2991.240.83–1.86
Salience of religion [0–8]321.6.2071.410.83–2.40301.8.1740.680.39–1.18
Salience according to proxy [0–8]444.0.0461.401.001.93410.4.5400.920.70–1.20

Results printed in bold are statistically significant (italics: trend).
(a)Adjusted for effects by physical distress (according to proxy respondent) and cognitive decline (according to proxy respondent).
(b)Adjusted for effects by age of death, physical distress (according to proxy respondent), and expectance of death/awareness of the approaching end (according to proxy).

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.