Depression Research and Treatment / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Temperament, Character, and Adolescents' Depressive Symptoms: Focusing on Affect

Table 2

Mean (±SD) scores for stress, energy, large sleep problems, difficulties falling asleep, and psychobiological problems among affective profiles.

Self-fulfillingHigh affectiveLow affectiveSelf-destructive
(high PA and low NA)(high PA and high NA)(low PA and low NA)(low PA and high NA)

Energy
Stress 20.16 ± 1.13 26.50 ± 1.15
Major sleep problems 19.30 ± 4.1917.30 ± 4.6919.95 ± 4.86
Difficulties falling asleep17.42 ± 4.2921.34 ± 4.9618.52 ± 4.8823.52 ± 6.49
Psychophysiological problems 25.63 ± 1.0724.06 ± 1.0929.24 ± 1.09

, *higher than the other three groups, higher than self-fulfilling.