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Depression Research and Treatment
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 291802, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/291802
Research Article

Exploring Personality Features in Patients with Affective Disorders and History of Suicide Attempts: A Comparative Study with Their Parents and Control Subjects

1Subdirección de Investigaciones Clínicas, Genética Psiquiátrica, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente, Calz. México-Xochimilco 101, 14370 Mexico City, Mexico
2Subdirección de Investigaciones Clínicas, Epidemiología Psiquiátrica, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente, Calz. México-Xochimilco 101, 14370 Mexico City, Mexico
3Hospital Psiquiátrico Infantil Juan N. Navarro, San Buenaventura 86, Col. Belisario Dominguez, 14080 Mexico City, Mexico

Received 2 August 2013; Revised 18 December 2013; Accepted 29 January 2014; Published 2 March 2014

Academic Editor: H. Grunze

Copyright © 2014 Beatriz Camarena et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Personality traits are important candidate predictors of suicidal behavior. Several studies have reported an association between personality/temperament traits and suicidal behavior, suggesting personality traits as intermediary phenotypes related to suicidal behavior. Thus, it is possible that suicide attempts can be accounted for by increased familial rates of risk personality traits. The aim of this work was to evaluate personality traits in affective disorder patients with attempted suicide and to compare them with the personality trait scores of their parents. In addition, ITC scores in the two groups were compared with a healthy control sample. The patients evaluated met the DSM-IV criteria for major depression disorder or dysthymia and had a documented history of suicide attempts. Psychiatric diagnoses of patients and parents were done according to the SCID-I and the personality was assessed using the Temperament and Character Inventory. We analyzed 49 suicide attempt subjects and their parents () and 89 control subjects. We observed that temperament and character dimensions were similar between patients and their parents (). In particular, we observed that high HA and low P, SD, and CO were shared among families. Our study is the first to report that the personality traits of affective disorder patients with a history of attempted suicide are shared between patients and their parents.