Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Depression Research and Treatment
Volume 2014, Article ID 780237, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/780237
Research Article

Long-Term Effects of the Treatment of Depressive Female Inpatients in a Naturalistic Study: Is Early Improvement a Valid Predictor of Outcome?

1Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Binzmuehlestraße 14/19, 8050 Zurich, Switzerland
2Department of Psychology, University of Bern, Fabrikstraße 8, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
3Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Missionsstraße 60/62, 4055 Basel, Switzerland

Received 22 January 2014; Revised 28 May 2014; Accepted 12 June 2014; Published 30 June 2014

Academic Editor: Dietrich van Calker

Copyright © 2014 Elian Zuercher-Huerlimann et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. Mathers, D. M. Fat, and J. T. Boerma, The Global Burden of Disease, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008.
  2. D. Richards, “Prevalence and clinical course of depression: a review,” Clinical Psychology Review, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 1117–1125, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. Cuijpers, J. Dekker, S. D. Hollon, and G. Andersson, “Adding psychotherapy to pharmacotherapy in the treatment of depressive disorders in adults: a meta-analysis,” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 70, no. 9, pp. 1219–1229, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Guidi, G. A. Fava, M. Fava, and G. I. Papakostas, “Efficacy of the sequential integration of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy in major depressive disorder: a preliminary meta-analysis,” Psychological Medicine, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 321–331, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Dekker, H. L. Van, M. Hendriksen et al., “What is the best sequential treatment strategy in the treatment of depression? Adding pharmacotherapy to psychotherapy or vice versa?” Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 89–98, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Oestergaard and C. Møldrup, “Optimal duration of combined psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy for patients with moderate and severe depression: a meta-analysis,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 131, no. 1–3, pp. 24–36, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. W. Lam, “Onset, time course and trajectories of improvement with antidepressants,” European Neuropsychopharmacology, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. S492–S498, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. G. I. Papakostas, R. H. Perlis, M. J. Scalia, T. J. Petersen, and M. Fava, “A meta-analysis of early sustained response rates between antidepressants and placebo for the treatment of major depressive disorder,” Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 56–60, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. J. Taylor, N. Freemantle, J. R. Geddes, and Z. Bhagwagar, “Early onset of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant action: systematic review and meta-analysis,” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 63, no. 11, pp. 1217–1223, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. N. Iovieno and G. I. Papakostas, “Correlation between different levels of placebo response rate and clinical trial outcome in major depressive disorder: a meta-analysis,” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 73, no. 10, pp. 1300–1306, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. Tedeschini, M. Fava, and G. I. Papakostas, “Placebo-controlled, antidepressant clinical trials cannot be shortened to less than 4 weeks' duration: a pooled analysis of randomized clinical trials employing a diagnostic odds ratio-based approach,” The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 98–103, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. M. Busch, J. W. Kanter, S. J. Landes, and R. J. Kohlenberg, “Sudden gains and outcome: a broader temporal analysis of cognitive therapy for depression,” Behavior Therapy, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 61–68, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. Hunnicutt-Ferguson, D. Hoxha, and J. Gollan, “Exploring sudden gains in behavioral activation therapy for Major Depressive Disorder,” Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 223–230, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. A. R. Kelly, J. E. Roberts, and J. A. Ciesla, “Sudden gains in cognitive behavioral treatment for depression: when do they occur and do they matter?” Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 703–714, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Tadić, I. Helmreich, R. Mergl et al., “Early improvement is a predictor of treatment outcome in patients with mild major, minor or subsyndromal depression,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 120, no. 1–3, pp. 86–93, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H. L. Van, R. A. Schoevers, S. Kool, M. Hendriksen, J. Peen, and J. Dekker, “Does early response predict outcome in psychotherapy and combined therapy for major depression?” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 105, no. 1–3, pp. 261–265, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. van Calker, I. Zobel, P. Dykierek et al., “Time course of response to antidepressants: predictive value of early improvement and effect of additional psychotherapy,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 114, no. 1–3, pp. 243–253, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Luppa, S. Heinrich, M. C. Angermeyer, H. König, and S. G. Riedel-Heller, “Cost-of-illness studies of depression,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 98, no. 1-2, pp. 29–43, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. Kleine-Budde, R. Müller, W. Kawohl, A. Bramesfeld, J. Moock, and W. Rössler, “The cost of depression—a cost analysis from a large database,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 147, no. 1–3, pp. 137–143, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. V. Henkel, F. Seemüller, M. Obermeier et al., “Does early improvement triggered by antidepressants predict response/remission?—Analysis of data from a naturalistic study on a large sample of inpatients with major depression,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 115, no. 3, pp. 439–449, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. van de Velde, P. Bracke, and K. Levecque, “Gender differences in depression in 23 European countries. Cross-national variation in the gender gap in depression,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 305–313, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. World Health Organization, The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Diagnostic Criteria for Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1993.
  23. M. Hautzinger, Kognitive Verhaltenstherapie bei Depressionen: Behandlungsanleitung und Materialien, Beltz, Weinheim, Germany, 2003.
  24. American Psychological Association, “Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct including 2010 amendments,” 2010, http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/principles.pdf.
  25. World Medical Association, “Declaration of Helsinki—Ethical principles for research involving human subjects,” 2008, http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3.
  26. M. Hautzinger, M. Bailer, H. Worall, and F. Keller, Beck-depressions-inventar (BDI): Bearbeitung der deutschen Ausgabe. Testhandbuch, Huber, Bern, Switzerland, 1996.
  27. D. Mattke, A. Zeeck, and B. Strauß, “Stationäre und teilstationäre Gruppenpsychotherapie,” in Gruppenpsychotherapie, B. Strauß and D. Mattke, Eds., pp. 405–416, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. W. M. Pinsof, R. E. Zinbarg, J. L. Lebow et al., “Laying the foundation for progress research in family, couple, and individual therapy: the development and psychometric features of the initial systemic therapy inventory of change,” Psychotherapy Research, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 143–156, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. J. Lambert, “The efficacy and effectiveness of psychotheray,” in Bergin and Garfield's Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change, M. J. Lambert, Ed., pp. 169–218, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, USA, 2013. View at Google Scholar