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Depression Research and Treatment
Volume 2014, Article ID 972424, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/972424
Research Article

Construct Validity and Reliability of the Adult Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire: A Comparison of Three Factor Models

1Department of Psychological, Humanistic and Territorial Sciences (DISPUTer), “G. d’Annunzio” University, 66013 Chieti, Italy
2European University of Rome, 00163 Rome, Italy
3Skinner Institute, 00184 Rome, Italy

Received 16 January 2014; Revised 5 June 2014; Accepted 8 June 2014; Published 6 July 2014

Academic Editor: Janusz K. Rybakowski

Copyright © 2014 Marco Innamorati et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives and Methods. The aim of the study was to investigate the construct validity of the ARSQ. Methods. The ARSQ and self-report measures of depression, anxiety, and hopelessness were administered to 774 Italian adults, aged 18 to 64 years. Results. Structural equation modeling indicated that the factor structure of the ARSQ can be represented by a bifactor model: a general rejection sensitivity factor and two group factors, expectancy of rejection and rejection anxiety. Reliability of observed scores was not satisfactory: only 44% of variance in observed total scores was due to the common factors. The analyses also indicated different correlates for the general factor and the group factors. Limitations. We administered an Italian version of the ARSQ to a nonclinical sample of adults, so that studies which use clinical populations or the original version of the ARSQ could obtain different results from those presented here. Conclusion. Our results suggest that the construct validity of the ARSQ is disputable and that rejection anxiety and expectancy could bias individuals to readily perceive and strongly react to cues of rejection in different ways.