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Depression Research and Treatment
Volume 2015, Article ID 105012, 9 pages
Research Article

Perinatal Depression and Patterns of Attachment: A Critical Risk Factor?

1Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale dell’Università 30, 00185 Rome, Italy
2Department of Social Science, Faculty of Political Science, Sociology, Communication, Sapienza University of Rome, Via Salaria 113, 00198 Rome, Italy
3Department of Gynecological, Obstetric and Urological Science, Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161 Rome, Italy

Received 29 September 2015; Accepted 19 October 2015

Academic Editor: Verinder Sharma

Copyright © 2015 Valentina Meuti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. This study aims to verify if the presence and severity of perinatal depression are related to any particular pattern of attachment. Methods. The study started with a screening of a sample of 453 women in their third trimester of pregnancy, who were administered a survey data form, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Experience in Close Relationship (ECR). A clinical group of subjects with perinatal depression (PND, 89 subjects) was selected and compared with a control group (C), regarding psychopathological variables and attachment patterns. Results. The ECR showed a prevalence of “Fearful-Avoidant” attachment style in PND group (29.2% versus 1.1%, ); additionally, the EPDS average score increases with the increasing of ECR dimensions (Avoidance and Anxiety). Conclusion. The severity of depression increases proportionally to attachment disorganization; therefore, we consider attachment as both an important risk factor as well as a focus for early psychotherapeutic intervention.