Table 1: Adjusted means by family type for variables in the analysis, showing risk ratio, significance, and effect size: Add Health Waves I–IV.

OS parents SS parentsRisk ratio95% CI > ln(OS/SS) = 0Effect size (SMD)
% (SE)% (SE)

Measured at Wave I (baseline)
 Depressed (CES-D)21.8 (.66)18.3 (14.4).83.2–3.9.82−.13
 Suicide ideation13.6 (.44)43.5 (19.0)3.21.4–7.5.007.89
 Anxiety56.9 (.91)89.9 (7.8)1.61.3–1.9.0001.09
 Distant from one or both parents35.8 (.90)93.2 (7.5)2.62.2–3.1.0001.83
 Obese13.8 (.60)30.8 (22.3)2.2.54–9.1.27.58
Measured at Wave III ()
 Child abuse by parent (verbal, physical, and sexual)58.2 (.01)92.0 (6.2)1.61.4–1.8.0001.17
Measured at Wave IV ()
 Depressed (CES-D)19.7 (.63)51.0 (15.1)2.61.4–4.6.001.85
 Suicide ideation7.1 (.43)30.1 (21.4)4.21.0–17.1.04.97
 Perceived stigma7.0 (.36)36.7 (24.6)5.21.4–19.4.011.17
 Distant from one or both parents43.5 (.81)72.6 (14.6)1.71.1–2.5.01.71
 Obese37.2 (.81)71.9 (17.8)1.91.2–3.2.009.84
12,26820

Table values show logit estimates adjusted for parents’ education and income and respondent’s age, sex, race, education (at Wave IV), and income (at Wave IV). Test shown tests the equivalence of the logit coefficients, that is, ln(OS/SS) = 0. Effect size reports standard mean difference following Chinn [23].