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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 429-439

Pediatric Acupuncture: A Review of Clinical Research

1Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, USA
2Department of Anesthesiology Critical Care Medicine, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, USA
3Department of Hematology/Oncology, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, USA
4Eastern Center for Complementary Medicine, Inc., Los Angeles, CA, USA

Received 5 March 2007; Accepted 28 November 2007

Copyright © 2009 Jeffrey I. Gold et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Practiced in China for more than 2000 years, acupuncture has recently gained increased attention in the United States as an alternative treatment approach for a variety of medical conditions. Despite its growing prevalence and anecdotal reports of success among pediatric populations, few empirically based studies have assessed the efficacy of acupuncture for children and adolescents. This article presents a review of the current literature, including a systematic appraisal of the methodological value of each study and a discussion of potential benefits and adverse effects of acupuncture. While acupuncture holds great promise as a treatment modality for diverse pediatric conditions, a significant amount of additional research is necessary to establish an empirical basis for the incorporation of acupuncture into standard care.