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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 249-257
Original Article

The MIQ-RS: A Suitable Option for Examining Movement Imagery Ability

1School of Health and Bioscience, University of East London, London, UK
2School of Kinesiology, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
3Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
4Department of Kinesiology and Applied Health, The University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, R3B 2E9, Canada

Received 12 December 2006; Accepted 5 September 2007

Copyright © 2010 Melanie Gregg et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Within rehabilitation settings, mental imagery helps to promote long-term recovery and facilitates compliance to rehabilitation exercises. Individuals who are able to effectively engage in imagery practice are likely to gain the most benefit from imagery training. Thus, a suitable imagery ability measurement tool for individuals with movement limitations is needed. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the Movement Imagery Questionnaire—Revised second version (MIQ-RS), and compare the results of this new version with Hall and Martin's (1997) MIQ-R. Three-hundred and twenty participants from a variety of sports and performance levels agreed to take part. Results showed the internal consistency and test–retest reliability of the MIQ-RS were satisfactory, the two-factor structure of the MIQ-RS was supported by confirmatory factor analysis, and Pearson correlations indicated a strong relationship between the MIQ-R and MIQ-RS. It appears the MIQ-RS is a suitable option for examining movement imagery ability primarily aimed at the upper extremity.