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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 178769, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecam/nep125
Original Article

Influence of Craniosacral Therapy on Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life in Patients with Fibromyalgia

1La Vega Sanitary District (Andalusian Health Public Service), Department of Physical Therapy, University of Granada, Spain
2Department of Physical Therapy, University of Almería, Spain
3Department of Psychology, University of Granada, Spain
4Department of Neurosciences, University of Almería, Spain
5Department of Nursing and Physical Therapy, University of Almería (UAL), Spain

Received 19 May 2009; Accepted 22 July 2009

Copyright © 2011 Guillermo A. Matarán-Peñarrocha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Fibromyalgia is considered as a combination of physical, psychological and social disabilities. The causes of pathologic mechanism underlying fibromyalgia are unknown, but fibromyalgia may lead to reduced quality of life. The objective of this study was to analyze the repercussions of craniosacral therapy on depression, anxiety and quality of life in fibromyalgia patients with painful symptoms. An experimental, double-blind longitudinal clinical trial design was undertaken. Eighty-four patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia were randomly assigned to an intervention group (craniosacral therapy) or placebo group (simulated treatment with disconnected ultrasound). The treatment period was 25 weeks. Anxiety, pain, sleep quality, depression and quality of life were determined at baseline and at 10 minutes, 6 months and 1-year post-treatment. State anxiety and trait anxiety, pain, quality of life and Pittsburgh sleep quality index were significantly higher in the intervention versus placebo group after the treatment period and at the 6-month follow-up. However, at the 1-year follow-up, the groups only differed in the Pittsburgh sleep quality index. Approaching fibromyalgia by means of craniosacral therapy contributes to improving anxiety and quality of life levels in these patients.