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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 239659, 6 pages

Comparison of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ayurveda

1Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, 483 Exporo (461-24 Jeonmin-dong) Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-811, Republic of Korea
2University of Science and Technology, 113 Gwahangno. Yuseong, Daejeon 305-333, Republic of Korea
3National Hospital of Traditional Medicine of Vietnam, 29 Nguyen Binh Khiem St., Hai Ba Trung Dist., Hanoi, Vietnam
4Kyunghee University, Department of Sasang Constitutional Medicine, Kyunghee University Medical Center, 1 Hoegi-dong, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-702, Republic of Korea

Received 3 December 2009; Accepted 12 April 2010

Copyright © 2011 Jong Yeol Kim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Sasang constitutional medicine (SCM), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and Ayurveda are three different forms of Asian traditional medicine. Although these traditions share a lot in common as holistic medicines, the different philosophical foundations found in each confer distinguishing attributes and unique qualities. SCM is based on a constitution-based approach, and is in this way relatively more similar to the Ayurvedic tradition than to the TCM, although many of the basic SCM theories were originally derived from TCM, a syndrome-based medicine. SCM and TCM use the same botanical materials that are distributed mainly in the East Asian region, but the basic principles of usage and the underlying rationale are completely different from each other. Meanwhile, the principles of the Ayurvedic use of botanical resources are very similar to those seen in SCM, but the medicinal herbs used in Ayurveda generally originate from the West Asian region which displays a different spectrum of flora.