Table 1: Proximate analysis, ultimate analysis, and component analysis of P. australis (/%wt).

Parameter P. australis

Proximate analysis a (wt.%, ad. Basis)
 Moisture 5.89 ± 0.03
 Ash 12.32 ± 1.12
 Volatile matter 70.01 ± 2.40
 Fix carbonc 11.78
Ultimate analysis b (wt.%, daf. Basis)
 Carbon 42.78 ± 1.53
 Hydrogen 5.17 ± 0.02
 Oxygenc 50.511
 Nitrogen 1.31 ± 0.02
 Sulfur 0.229 ± 0.01
 C/H 8.31 ± 0.31
 C/N 32.57 ± 1.55
Component analysis (wt.%, daf. Basis)
 Hemicellulose 30.68 ± 3.15
 Lignin 20.34 ± 1.56
 Cellulose 43.05 ± 3.98

aDry-free basis; bDry ash-free basis;  cCalculated by difference.