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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2011, Article ID 474026, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecam/nep039
Original Article

Evaluation of the Wound Healing Potential of Achillea biebersteinii Afan. (Asteraceae) by In Vivo Excision and Incision Models

1Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gazi University, Etiler 06330, Turkey
2Department of Pathology, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazit Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Received 10 December 2008; Accepted 7 April 2009

Copyright © 2011 Esra Küpeli Akkol et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Achillea species are widely used for diarrhea, abdominal pain, stomachache and healing of wounds in folk medicine. To evaluate the wound healing activity of the plant, extracts were prepared with different solvents; hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol, respectively from the roots of Achillea biebersteinii. Linear incision by using tensiometer and circular excision wound models were employed on mice and rats. The wound healing effect was comparatively evaluated with the standard skin ointment Madecassol. The n-hexane extract treated groups of animals showed 84.2% contraction, which was close to contraction value of the reference drug Madecassol (100%). On the other hand the same extract on incision wound model demonstrated a significant increase (40.1%) in wound tensile strength as compared to other groups. The results of histoptological examination supported the outcome of linear incision and circular excision wound models as well. The experimental data demonstrated that A. biebersteinii displayed remarkable wound healing activity.