Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2011 / Article / Fig 5

Original Article

Withania somnifera Improves Semen Quality in Stress-Related Male Fertility

Figure 5

The proposed mechanism of action of W. somnifera. The solid lines in the figure indicate the situation in infertile subjects where psychological stress and smoking may contribute to infertility. The dotted lines indicate the points of action of W. somnifera, which acts by counteracting the stressors.