Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2011 / Article / Tab 3

Review Article

Prevalence of Dietary Supplement Use in Patients with Proven or Suspected Cardiovascular Disease

Table 3

Common supplements used by cardiac patients, pooled results from included studies.

SupplementNumber of studiesPooled Pooled samplePooled prevalence (%)

aloe vera2154233.6
Bilberry244391.0
Calcium61,0174,62922.0
cayenne pepper/capsicum2264865.3
chromium/chromium picolinate3116791.6
coenzyme Q107582,3352.5
Dandelion243591.0
Echinacea570511,5036.1
fish oil/omega-3727914,0142.0
flax seed/flax seed oil5481,2353.9
folic acid71605,1083.1
Garlic1290216,4175.5
Ginger630211,9092.5
ginkgo biloba657215,1313.8
Ginseng850214,4713.5
glucosamine/chondroitin849911,8554.2
green tea4619316.6
Hawthorn4139131.4
Iron4266733.9
Kelp274861.4
Lecithin384921.6
multivitamins and minerals91,8835,52534.1
Magnesium6501,3523.7
mint/lemon balm24441710.7
Nettle3688647.9
Parsley421410,8242.0
Peppermint221410,8242.0
Potassium3874,0342.2
Sage2294177.0
saw palmetto4321,0233.1
Selenium283852.0
St John’s wort322011,0532.0
Valerian3248822.7
vitamin A/beta-carotene61074,6712.3
vitamin B/B12/B complex84705,2618.9
vitamin C97685,40814.2
vitamin D4421,0474.0
vitamin E81,0565,31819.9
Zinc5371,1233.3

Note: Only supplements with reported ≥1% use in 2 or more studies were included. Some figures were calculated from reported percentages.