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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2011, Article ID 659876, 12 pages
Research Article

Effects of Yoga on Psychological Health, Quality of Life, and Physical Health of Patients with Cancer: A Meta-Analysis

1School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, 3F, No. 17 Xuzhou Road, Taipei 100, Taiwan
2Department of Surgery, Cheng Ching General Hospital, 118 Sec. 3 Chung Kang Road, Taichung 407, Taiwan
3Division of Physical Therapy, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, No. 7 Chung-Shan S. Road, Taipei 100, Taiwan

Received 9 November 2010; Accepted 14 January 2011

Copyright © 2011 Kuan-Yin Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Yoga is one of the most widely used complementary and alternative medicine therapies to manage illness. This meta-analysis aimed to determine the effects of yoga on psychological health, quality of life, and physical health of patients with cancer. Studies were identified through a systematic search of seven electronic databases and were selected if they used a randomized controlled trial design to examine the effects of yoga in patients with cancer. The quality of each article was rated by two of the authors using the PEDro Scale. Ten articles were selected; their PEDro scores ranged from 4 to 7. The yoga groups compared to waitlist control groups or supportive therapy groups showed significantly greater improvements in psychological health: anxiety ( ), depression ( ), distress ( ), and stress ( ). However, due to the mixed and low to fair quality and small number of studies conducted, the findings are preliminary and limited and should be confirmed through higher-quality, randomized controlled trials.